What is internal displacement?
While a refugee crosses an international border to seek safety, an internally displaced person (IDP) has been forced to flee their home and finds refuge within the boundaries of his or her country.
A displaced family might flee their rural village to a nearby city, hoping for a better chance to survive. They might live in the middle of a country, incapable of crossing its vast interior. They might find themselves stranded at a closed international border, unable to cross.
Some flee violence – war, conflict or persecution. Others escape natural hazards, disasters or negative effects of climate change. Many flee both, a deadly combination that quells their chances of returning home.
Millions of people are internally displaced worldwide – and the numbers continue to grow. For the latest updates on IDP trends and figures, visit our Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
Our work for the internally displaced
Be they in tented settlements or scattered across a big city, NRC works to bring safety and assistance to internally displaced people worldwide. Our teams reach some of the largest IDP populations in the world.
In 1998, we established IDMC and today, it is a global leader in monitoring, analysing and advocating for the protection of IDPs and those at risk of displacement.
Monitoring internal displacement is crucial to understand why and when families become displaced within their country. It helps us know whether they can return home quickly, or if they need to flee further – sometimes across international borders and beyond. IDMC's work contributes to a wider sense of possible patterns of migration and population movement.
Lean season in DR Congo: aid agencies fear for hundreds of thousands in desperate need
Hundreds of thousands of people who have fled their homes in the Ituri province of the Democratic Republic of Congo are in desperate need of food, water, shelter and medicines, 11 aid agencies warned today.
Syria: Thousands fleeing for their lives
Turkey's incursion in North East Syria is already triggering new displacements at a moment when we were just starting to see some people begin to recover from last year’s emergency and rebuild their lives. As many as 300,000 people could reportedly be displaced by a full-blown military escalation.
Boko Haram conflict causing misery to millions 10 years on
Ten years since the beginning of a violent insurgency in northeast Nigeria, the living conditions for displaced people are continuing to deteriorate at an alarming rate due to inadequate and overcrowded facilities. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) calls for increased efforts to improve their living conditions and prevent an imminent cholera outbreak.