In 2011, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan, leading to an end to Africa's longest civil war. Two years later, violent conflict broke out after political disagreement between President Salva Kiir and former Vice-President Riek Machar, which has since forced over four million people to flee their homes. More than two million fled to neighbouring countries and more than 1.9 million were internally displaced.
The food insecurity situation continued to deteriorate in 2019. According to IPC, more than 50 per cent of the population are estimated to be in crisis or an even worse food insecurity situation.
The parties in the South Sudan civil war signed a power-sharing deal in September 2018 and agreed to form a government of unity by 12 May 2019. The process of realisation of the security arrangements and other aspects of the agreement hasn’t shown much progress, which led to an extension of the deadline for the formation of the Unity Government by another one year.
People we helped in South Sudan in 2018
NRC operates through static and mobile modes of response to both chronic and acute emergencies. Bureaucratic impediments heavily affect humanitarian response delivery by limiting free access to people affected and creating constraints to humanitarian organisations, including NRC.
Our emergency teams on the ground deliver lifesaving aid. Our rapid response and mobile emergency interventions is one of our largest activities in South Sudan. We reach vulnerable people in remote areas that are difficult to access.
Our education teams:
- provide children with education opportunities and give alternate education to those who have missed out on schooling
- provide youth with vocational training
- give adults the opportunity to learn how to read and write through basic adult literacy programmes
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
Our ICLA experts:
- provide information and training sessions so that people can learn about and exercise their housing, land and property rights
- help resolve conflicts over land to promote peaceful coexistence in communities
- support women in obtaining access to land and tenure
- help people obtaining their legal documents
Livelihoods and food security
- distribute food in remote areas
- provide cash assistance to people affected by displacement
- hand out seeds
- distribute vouchers and cash for people to use at their local merchants
- support people in getting a livelihood by giving trainings on agricultural production.
- help farmers gain access to markets by repairing roads and organising agricultural fairs
Shelter and settlements
We distribute emergency shelters in remote areas. Through our shelter activities, we:
- distribute shelters and kits containing kitchenware, mosquito nets and plastic sheeting
- teach people how to build shelters
- instruct people on how to repair and improve their shelters
- construct schools and classrooms
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH activities aim to:
- provide displaced people with clean water and latrines
- spread knowledge about safe hygiene practices to people affected by displacement
NRC in South Sudan is a co-lead of WASH and protection clusters. It is a member of the steering committee of the NGO forum and member of Humanitarian Country Team (HCT). NRC provides policy and context analysis that serves the entire humanitarian actors, donors, diplomatic missions and the rest. NRC promotes inclusion in humanitarian response and continually build its capacity through partnership with specialised agencies such as HelpAge.
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
- Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- World Food Program (WFP)
- United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- European Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- European Union (EU)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF)
About NRC in (country)
NRC in South Sudan
Country DirectorAlexander Davey
South Sudanese people long for peace as key deadline passes
South Sudan’s leaders must ensure a power-sharing government is in place within the new extended timeframe as millions of war-weary citizens cannot afford any more delays to the peace process, the Norwegian Refugee Council has warned.
Conflict to blame for extreme hunger in South Sudan
As the food crisis worsens across South Sudan, the Norwegian Refugee Council is calling on all parties to the conflict to allow humanitarian agencies to safely access people in desperate need of aid.
Five years into conflict, South Sudanese leaders must make peace prevail
Since 2013, South Sudan has been plagued by armed conflicts marked by widespread sexual violence, forced displacements and food insecurity. The Norwegian Refugee Council calls for full implementation of the revitalised peace agreement.