In 2011, South Sudan gained independence from Sudan, leading to an end to Africa's longest civil war. Two years later, violent conflict broke out after a political disagreement between President Salva Kiir and former Vice-President Riek Machar, which has since forced over four million people to flee their homes. More than two million fled to neighbouring countries and more than 1.9 million were internally displaced.
The parties in the South Sudan civil war signed a power-sharing deal in September 2018 and agreed to form a government of unity by 12 May 2019. The process showed little progress, which led to an extension of the deadline to late 2019, which has since been further extended to 22 February 2020.
The food insecurity situation continued to deteriorate in 2019. According to IPC, 60 per cent of the population were estimated to face crisis (IPC level 3) from May to July 2019. This has been worsened by the floods that affected more than five states in late 2019.
People we helped in South Sudan in 2020
NRC operates through static and mobile modes of response to both chronic and acute emergencies. Bureaucratic impediments heavily affect humanitarian response delivery by limiting free access to people affected and creating constraints to humanitarian organisations, including NRC.
Our emergency teams on the ground deliver lifesaving aid. Our rapid response and mobile emergency interventions is one of our largest activities in South Sudan. We reach vulnerable people in remote areas that are difficult to access.
Our education projects provide children and youth with learning opportunities. We provide:
- alternative education to those who have missed school
- vocational training for youth
- school meals
- sanitation facilities and clean water in schools
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
Our ICLA programmes provide:
- information and training for communities to exercise their housing, land and property rights
- help to resolve conflicts over land to promote peaceful coexistence in communities
- support to displaced people to secure important legal documentation
- technical support to relevant government agencies responsible for housing, land and property policy
Livelihoods and food security
- distribute emergency food supplies in remote hard-to-reach areas
- provide cash/voucher and seeds to help families meet their immediate and intermediate food and other basic needs
- support people in getting a livelihood by giving training in agricultural production.
- help farmers gain access to markets and financing through saving and loan schemes
Shelter and settlements
Our shelter staff:
- distribute shelters and NFI kits for newly displaced people and returnees
- train people how to build, repair and improve their shelters
- construct schools and classrooms that are appropriate to the local context
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH projects provide displaced people with:
- clean water and sanitation facilities
- WASH kits
- knowledge about safe hygiene practices
NRC in South Sudan is a co-lead by WASH and protection clusters at national level. NRC also provides policy and context analysis to all humanitarian actors, donors, diplomatic missions in South Sudan to inform the humanitarian response. NRC is a Strategic Advisory Group (SAG) member in Education and Protection Clusters. Additionally, NRC is represented on the steering committee of the NGO Forum at national level.
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- World Food Program (WFP)
- European Civil Protection & Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- European Union (EU)
- South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF), managed by UNDP
- United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
- UN Habitat
- Australian Aid
- US Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
About NRC in South Sudan
NRC in South Sudan
Country DirectorAlexander Davey
South Sudan: Fresh violence exacerbates famine threat
Escalating conflict in South Sudan’s Equatoria regions has led to the killing of civilians, forced thousands of people to flee and disrupted planting for farmers at a time when 60 per cent of the population is suffering from acute food insecurity. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is calling on all parties to the conflict to urgently resolve tensions and avoid accelerating the risk of famine.
Reaction to UK announcement of cuts to foreign aid
Today the UK Government confirmed the drastic extent of its aid cuts to global humanitarian operations, which have been a lifeline to millions of vulnerable people around the world. In the coming year, the UK will spend £906m to support to humanitarian preparedness and response. This represents a more than 40 per cent drop compared to the 2019.
NGOs ask the UK government not to cut aid to South Sudan as threat of famine looms
Severe humanitarian needs across South Sudan have significantly worsened. The sustained support of the international community is critical. As organisations working to support the people of South Sudan coming out of a painful civil war, we call on the UK Government to ensure South Sudan remains a funding priority.