Residual impacts of drought, ongoing displacement, conflict and marginalisation continue to affect the most vulnerable in Somalia.
4.6 million people are still in need of humanitarian assistance, including an estimated 2.7 million children. 954,000 children under the age of five years old are acutely malnourished.
An upsurge in insecurity and conflict has triggered a new wave of displacement in the Lower Shabelle region of South West state over the last few months. More than 34,000 people have fled Lower Shabelle since the beginning of August, adding to the more than 2.6 million people already displaced in the country, including over 1 million in the last year alone. The majority of the displaced are women and children.
One in eight Somali children die before the age of five. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles continue to represent a major threat to children.
Over 3 million children, out of 4.9 million in the country, are estimated to be out of school.
People we helped in Somalia in 2017
Somalia is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian emergencies in the world and was ranked as one of the ten most neglected displacement crises by NRC in 2017.
Many people struggle to cope with drought and violence. Our emergency teams are on the ground, responding to the ever-increasing needs. We involve those forced to flee in our activities, from building shelters to tackling agricultural challenges, to gain new skills that can increase their resilience to withstand shocks in the future.
We work to strengthen existing settlements. Our teams:
- map settlements and plan trainings to improve settlement layout
- conduct Capacity Building Training for settlement leaders to improve access to information and accountability to people affected by displacement
- map existing resources and infrastructure in settlements to identify gaps
- construct community centres for community meetings
We want all displaced Somali children and youth, as well as those in the communities that host them, to go to school. Our education teams:
- provide classes for children who have missed out on education to catch up with their peers, to ensure their transition into the formal school system
- engage with young people through our youth education programme, which helps young adults find opportunities to create their own businesses and cooperatives
- train teachers
- construct and rehabilitate classrooms, in coordination with our shelter teams
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
Many displaced people in Somalia are denied basic rights like land and tenure. Our teams:
- help Somali refugees to return safely
- raise awareness about the rights of displaced people among local authorities and communities
- provide information and legal counselling on housing, land and property rights to displaced Somalis and Somali refugees who have returned to the country
- run an emergency hotline and call centre to provide immediate legal advice
- assist displaced Somalis to secure land tenure
Livelihoods and food security
Violent conflict, poverty and drought have increased food insecurity in Somalia. Our teams:
- make cash transfers to families so they can purchase food and household goods
- raise awareness of and give trainings on good nutrition practices
- support communities’ environmental conservation, like providing solar energy for irrigation
- provide livelihood trainings to empower farmers and other community members with new skills, for instance, farmers are trained to tackle diseases that can damage their crops
Shelter and settlements
We provide temporary, transitional and permanent shelters to internally displaced people in Somalia. Our teams:
- construct temporary, transitional and permanent shelters
- distribute household items like solar lamps
- construct and rehabilitating classrooms
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH teams:
- build household and community latrines
- install and rehabilitate water systems for drinking water
- promote sanitation and hygiene awareness
- train communities on how to use and maintain hygiene facilities and waste management
BRCiS is a humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty. Read more at www.nrc.no/brcis
- Somalia Humanitarian Fond (SHF)
- Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- European Union Trust Fund
- Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- Department for International Development (DFID)
- European Union Development Corporation (DEVCO)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- United Nation Children Fund (UNICEF)
- World Bank
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ)
- King Salman Relief
About NRC in (country)
137,000 people forced to flee their homes this year in Somalia
Displacement of families is rising with evictions, conflict and drought the top causes.
320,000 Somalis fled conflict and insecurity in 2018
The number of civilians who fled their homes due to conflict and insecurity increased to 320,000 in 2018, up 50 per cent from the previous year - according to newly-released figures.