Solar lamp distribution for the IDPs in Bonkai village, Baidoa District. A community supported by NRC under the BRCiS funding. All photos are copyrighted (e-mail to ask about use)
Read caption NRC distributing solar lamps to internally displaced people in Bonkai village, Baidoa district. The community is supported by NRC under BRCiS funding. Photo: NRC/BRCiS/Marco Gualazzini/Constrasto

NRC in Somalia

In 2017, Somalia was hit by the worst drought in 20 years. Today, over 4.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance to survive and over 950,000 children are malnourished.


A total of


people in need received our assistance in 2018.

Humanitarian overview

Residual impacts of drought, ongoing displacement, conflict and marginalisation continue to affect the most vulnerable in Somalia.

4.6 million people are still in need of humanitarian assistance, including an estimated 2.7 million children. 954,000 children under the age of five years old are acutely malnourished.

An upsurge in insecurity and conflict has triggered a new wave of displacement in the Lower Shabelle region of South West state over the last few months. More than 34,000 people have fled Lower Shabelle since the beginning of August, adding to the more than 2.6 million people already displaced in the country, including over 1 million in the last year alone. The majority of the displaced are women and children.

One in eight Somali children die before the age of five. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhoea, cholera and measles continue to represent a major threat to children.

Over 3 million children, out of 4.9 million in the country, are estimated to be out of school.

People we helped in Somalia in 2017

people benefited from our education programme
people benefited from our food security programme
people benefited from our shelter programme
people benefited from our ICLA programme
people benefited from our WASH programme

NRC's operation

Somalia is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian emergencies in the world and was ranked as one of the ten most neglected displacement crises by NRC in 2017.

Many people struggle to cope with drought and violence. Our emergency teams are on the ground, responding to the ever-increasing needs. We involve those forced to flee in our activities, from building shelters to tackling agricultural challenges, to gain new skills that can increase their resilience to withstand shocks in the future.

NRC Camp managementCamp management

We work to strengthen existing settlements. Our teams:

  • map settlements and plan trainings to improve settlement layout
  • conduct Capacity Building Training for settlement leaders to improve access to information and accountability to people affected by displacement
  • map existing resources and infrastructure in settlements to identify gaps
  • construct community centres for community meetings

NRC EducationEducation

We want all displaced Somali children and youth, as well as those in the communities that host them, to go to school. Our education teams:

  • provide classes for children who have missed out on education to catch up with their peers, to ensure their transition into the formal school system
  • engage with young people through our youth education programme, which helps young adults find opportunities to create their own businesses and cooperatives
  • train teachers
  • construct and rehabilitate classrooms, in coordination with our shelter teams

NRC Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)

Many displaced people in Somalia are denied basic rights like land and tenure. Our teams:

  • help Somali refugees to return safely
  • raise awareness about the rights of displaced people among local authorities and communities
  • provide information and legal counselling on housing, land and property rights to displaced Somalis and Somali refugees who have returned to the country
  • run an emergency hotline and call centre to provide immediate legal advice
  • assist displaced Somalis to secure land tenure

NRC Livelihoods and food securityLivelihoods and food security

Violent conflict, poverty and drought have increased food insecurity in Somalia. Our teams:

  • make cash transfers to families so they can purchase food and household goods
  • raise awareness of and give trainings on good nutrition practices
  • support communities’ environmental conservation, like providing solar energy for irrigation
  • provide livelihood trainings to empower farmers and other community members with new skills, for instance, farmers are trained to tackle diseases that can damage their crops

NRC Shelter and settlementsShelter and settlements

We provide temporary, transitional and permanent shelters to internally displaced people in Somalia. Our teams:

  • construct temporary, transitional and permanent shelters
  • distribute household items like solar lamps
  • construct and rehabilitating classrooms

NRC Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion

Our WASH teams:

  • build household and community latrines
  • install and rehabilitate water systems for drinking water
  • promote sanitation and hygiene awareness
  • train communities on how to use and maintain hygiene facilities and waste management
BRCiS Consortium

brcis consortiumBRCiS is a humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty.  Read more at


NRC Somalia is grateful for the generous support from our donors:
  • Somalia Humanitarian Fond (SHF)
  • Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
  • UN-Habitat
  • Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
  • European Union Trust Fund
  • Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
  • Department for International Development (DFID)
  • European Union Development Corporation (DEVCO)
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • United Nation Children Fund (UNICEF)
  • World Bank
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ)
  • King Salman Relief

About NRC in (country)

International staff
Areas of operations
Mogadishu (Country Office), Kismayu, Dollow, Dhoble, Baidoa, Hargeisa, Erigavo, Bossaso, Galkayo, Garowe and Burao
Budget 2019
USD 38 million
National staff


Country Director

Victor Moses


+252 618454597