While three quarters of the population live on under USD 1.25 a day, Somalia is dealing with political instability and drought. Over 2.1 million Somalis are internally displaced and over half of them are children. Meanwhile, a growing number of Somali refugees are returning to Somalia, many from Yemen and Kenya, where they risk being displaced again.
In 2017, Somalia was hit by the worst drought in 20 years. Today, over 5.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance to survive and over 1.2 million children are malnourished.
In pastoralist communities in the state Somaliland, crops have been wiped out, livestock prices have declined and animals have died, leaving people forced to sell their belongings, and borrow food and money to survive.
Violent extremism makes it difficult for humanitarian organisations to reach people who need lifesaving aid. The armed group Al-Shabaab is accused of stealing emergency aid and blocking supply routes. But the election of popular President Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed in February 2017 have offered a glimpse of hope.
People we helped in Somalia in 2017
Somalia is experiencing one of the worst humanitarian emergencies in the world and was ranked as one of the ten most neglected displacement crises by NRC in 2017.
Many people struggle to cope with drought and violence. Our emergency teams are on the ground to respond to the ever-increasing needs. We involve those forced to flee to participate in our activities, from building shelters to tackling agricultural challenges, to gain new skills that can increase their resilience to withstand shocks in the future.
We work to strengthen existing settlements. Our teams:
- map settlements and plan trainings to improve settlement layout
- conduct Capacity Building Training for settlement leaders to improve access to information and accountability to people affected by displacement
- map existing resources and infrastructure in settlements to identify gaps
- construct community centres for community meetings
We want all displaced Somali children and youth, as well as those in the communities that host them, to go to school. Our education teams:
- provide classes for children who have missed out on education to catch up with their peers, to ensure their transition into the formal school system
- engage with young people through our youth education programme, which helps young adults find opportunities to create their own businesses and cooperatives
- train teachers
- construct and rehabilitate classrooms, in coordination with our shelter teams
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
Many displaced people in Somalia are denied basic rights like land and tenure. Our teams:
- help Somali refugees to return safely
- raise awareness about the rights of displaced people among local authorities and communities
- provide information and legal counselling on housing, land and property rights to displaced Somalis and Somali refugees who have returned to the country
- run an emergency hotline and call centre to provide immediate legal advice
- assist displaced Somalis to secure land tenure
Livelihoods and food security
Violent conflict, poverty and drought have increased food insecurity in Somalia. Our teams:
- make cash transfers to families so they can purchase food and household goods
- raise awareness of and give trainings on good nutrition practices
- support communities’ environmental conservation, like providing solar energy for irrigation
- provide livelihood trainings to empower farmers and other community members with new skills, for instance, farmers are trained to tackle diseases that can damage their crops
Shelter and settlements
We provide temporary, transitional and permanent shelters to internally displaced people in Somalia. Our teams:
- construct temporary, transitional and permanent shelters
- distribute household items like solar lamps
- construct and rehabilitating classrooms
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH teams:
- build household and community latrines
- install and rehabilitate water systems for drinking water
- promote sanitation and hygiene awareness
- train communities on how to use and maintain hygiene facilities and waste management
BRCiS is a humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty. Read more at www.nrc.no/brcis
- Somalia Humanitarian Fond (SHF)
- Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- European Union Trust Fund
- Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- Department for International Development (DFID)
- European Union Development Corporation (DEVCO)
- World Food Programme
- United Nation Children Fund
- World Bank
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ)
- King Salman Relief
About NRC in (country)
As Somalis flee to cities, Mogadishu becomes most crowded city in Africa
Conflict and natural disasters from 2017 – 2018 caused massive displacement to cities – says new report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC).
How we work to solve Somalia’s eviction crisis
"I didn’t realise I was shot until things calmed down," says Aden, recounting the day he was forcibly evicted from his home in an informal settlement outside the Somali capital of Mogadishu.