Solar lamp distribution for the IDPs in Bonkai village, Baidoa District. A community supported by NRC under the BRCiS funding. All photos are copyrighted (e-mail to ask about use)
NRC distributing solar lamps to internally displaced people in Bonkai village, Baidoa district. The community is supported by NRC under BRCiS funding. Photo: NRC/BRCiS/Marco Gualazzini/Constrasto

NRC in Somalia

Somalia is one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world. As a result of severe drought and food shortages, millions of people are affected by displacement.


A total of


people in need received our assistance in 2022.


Humanitarian overview

Nearly half of the population, 5.9 million people, require lifesaving services in Somalia, a six per cent increase compared to last year. Among this group, 3.1 million Somalis are now in acute need, close to 30 per cent increase in one year. This has been driven by climate shocks, conflict, disease outbreaks, desert locust infestations, as well as the health and socio-economic impacts of Covid-19. A fifth of the population, up to 2.8 million people, are now projected to face high levels of acute food insecurity and hunger. One million children are acutely or severely malnourished. Concerns remain of another surge of desert locusts, particularly in northern parts of the country, due to favourable conditions following the Gu’ rains in the area. This year, more than 463,000 people were forced to flee their homes, 85 per cent due to insecurity and close to 207,000 people in Mogadishu due to the elections-related violence.

The funding forecast for 2021 is the worst in six years. Consequently, partners are barely meeting the basic needs of communities, with critical lifesaving aid scaled down due to funding shortages.

  • 24,132
    people benefited from our education programme
  • 610,984
    people benefited from our food security programme
  • 117,742
    people benefited from our shelter programme
  • 301,093
    people benefited from our ICLA programme
  • 417,141
    people benefited from our WASH programme
  • 352,828
    people benefited from other NRC activities


NRC's operation

The drought situation in Somalia has deteriorated rapidly and intensified much earlier than seen over the last decade. Life-saving assistance is urgently needed to halt further internal displacement.

Our emergency teams are on the ground responding to the ever-increasing needs. We target those who have been forced to flee with our activities, from building shelters to tackling agricultural challenges, and enabling them to acquire new skills that can increase their resilience to shocks in the future.

Protection from violence

We work to strengthen existing settlements. Our teams:

  • map settlements and plan training to improve settlement layout
  • conduct Capacity Building Training for settlement leaders to improve access to information and accountability to people affected by displacement
  • map existing resources and infrastructure in settlements to identify gaps
  • construct community centres for community meetings

NRC EducationEducation

We want all displaced Somali children and youth, as well as those in the communities that host them, to go to school. Our education teams:

  • provide classes for children who have missed out on education to catch up with their peers, to ensure their transition into the formal school system
  • engage with young people through our youth education programme, which helps young adults find opportunities to create their own businesses and cooperatives
  • train teachers
  • construct and rehabilitate classrooms, in coordination with our shelter teams

NRC Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)

Many displaced people in Somalia are denied basic rights like land and tenure. Our teams:

  • help Somali refugees to return safely
  • raise awareness about the rights of displaced people among local authorities and communities
  • provide information and legal counselling on housing, land and property rights to displaced Somalis and Somali refugees who have returned to the country
  • run an emergency hotline and call centre to provide immediate legal advice
  • assist displaced Somalis to secure land tenure

NRC Livelihoods and food securityLivelihoods and food security

Violent conflict, poverty and drought have increased food insecurity in Somalia. Our teams:

  • make cash transfers to families so they can purchase food and household goods
  • raise awareness of and give training on good nutrition practices
  • support communities’ environmental conservation activities, like providing solar energy for irrigation
  • provide livelihood training to empower farmers and other community members with new skills (for instance, farmers are trained to tackle diseases that can damage their crops)

NRC Shelter and settlementsShelter and settlements

We provide temporary, transitional and permanent shelters to internally displaced people in Somalia. Our teams:

  • construct and rehabilitate temporary, transitional and permanent shelters through cash and in-kind approaches
  • distribute non-food items (NFIs) through cash and in-kind approaches
  • prepare site/settlement plans and conduct training on site/settlement planning
  • construct and rehabilitate feeder roads

NRC Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion

Our WASH teams:

  • build household and community latrines
  • install and rehabilitate water systems for drinking water
  • promote sanitation and hygiene awareness
  • train communities in how to use and maintain hygiene facilities and waste management

BRCiS Consortium

brcis consortiumBRCiS is a humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty. Read more at

Danwadaag Consortium

NRC is also part of the Danwadaag Consortium that aims at enhancing progress towards durable solutions for displacement affected communities in the urban areas of Banadir Regional Administration, Jubaland State and South West State of Somalia. It focuses on long-term solutions to displacement and connects them to urban development processes. For more information, visit the Danwadaag website.

About NRC in Somalia

International staff
Areas of operation
Mogadishu (Country Office), Kismayu, Dollow, Dhoble, Baidoa, Hargeisa, Erigavo, Bossaso, Galkayo, Garowe and Burao
Budget 2019
USD 29 million
National staff


Country Director

Mohamed Abdi