Eight years into the war, the scale of humanitarian needs across Syria remains overwhelming, with 13 million people in need of assistance.
In Syria, 6.2 million people are internally displaced. 2.1 million children are out of school, and widespread destruction of civil registries has reduced access to necessary identity documents.
2018 witnessed significant shifts in territorial control. A majority of the displaced are now reliant on Damascus-based agencies for assistance. Many are living in damaged buildings with limited access to basic services. The North East and North West of Syria continue to face instability. The Russia – Turkey agreement in Idlib is fragile and prospects for a US withdrawal in 2019 raises concerns over the future of humanitarian access.
NRC acknowledges that many parts of Syria have now reached a greater level of stability and that most people seek to eventually return and rebuild their lives. Yet, many of the prevailing conditions which caused people to flee persist. The international community can play a role in ensuring those conditions are adequately met.
People we helped in Syria in 2018
NRC meets the needs of those affected by conflict including the internally displaced, refugees, their hosts and those who have returned. Amidst intense conflict and access constraints, we work to provide emergency, transitional and longer-term assistance to people in need.
We lead advocacy to promote unimpeded and sustained access to assistance for people across Syria. We advocate against, and work to prevent, unsafe and premature returns to and within Syria, and call for increased humanitarian funding to alleviate these great needs.
Our teams ensure education is prioritised, even in the most difficult circumstances. We work alongside communities to:
- rehabilitate learning spaces and build makeshift schools
- create opportunities for children to return to school or access education through self-learning initiatives
- distribute teaching and student learning materials
- provide skills training for Syrian youth
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
- provide information and legal counselling services on issues related to civil documentation
- provide information on the services available in the concerned areas of displacement
- offer information and legal assistance regarding housing, land and property rights
Livelihoods and food security
Many families struggle to gain a reliable income to meet their most basic needs. We:
- provide emergency food rations
- work to strengthen food production and income generating opportunities
Shelter and settlements
NRC supports both newly displaced people and people living in camps or informal settlements. We:
- deliver emergency assistance including tents, blankets and household items
- provide shelter upgrades and communal lighting, site improvements, walkways and drainage
- rehabilitate damaged and sub-standard housing
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH teams:
- distribute hygiene kits, which include soap, washing powder and sanitary items
- provide and upgrade temporary water and sanitation facilities in emergencies
- support waste management in camps and informal settlements
- rehabilitate and install essential water and sanitation facilities at the community level
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NFMA)
- European Union (DG ECHO, DG NEAR)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
- Swiss Development Cooperation (SDC)
- USAID's Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA)
- Norwegian National Telethon
About NRC in (country)
Humanitarian crisis unfolds as violence escalates in Syria
As thousands of civilians flee air strikes and shelling in North East Syria, aid agencies witness an escalation of the humanitarian crisis.
Syria: Thousands fleeing for their lives
Turkey's incursion in North East Syria is already triggering new displacements at a moment when we were just starting to see some people begin to recover from last year’s emergency and rebuild their lives. As many as 300,000 people could reportedly be displaced by a full-blown military escalation.