People reached in 2019
A total of
people benefitted from our ICLA work
Legal and institutional frameworks, whether statutory, customary or religious, can either provoke or perpetuate displacement and discrimination or serve as instruments of protection and empowerment. People affected by displacement require assistance to understand, interpret and navigate these frameworks.
NRC’s ICLA programmes aim to enable people affected by displacement to claim and exercise their rights and to find lasting solutions. ICLA also aims to prevent displacement for those at risk. ICLA’s activities are in accordance with the IASC Protection Policy. They promote understanding and respect for the rights of affected people and the obligations of duty bearers under international law.
Our expertise in ICLA
Our ICLA activities support people to claim and exercise their rights through information, counselling, legal assistance, collaborative dispute resolution, capacity building and advocacy. ICLA programmes may engage in public interest cases, if this will lead to a direct positive effect for a greater number of individuals or create legal precedents that can generate positive structural changes.
ICLA may use international litigation mechanisms when domestic remedies have been exhausted or are ineffective. ICLA also advocates at all levels, including international bodies, to pursue the goal of promoting respect for the rights of people affected by displacement.
ICLA programmes observe local legal, cultural and social norms without compromising our commitment to promote and respect rights established by international law. This includes the use of judicial or administrative remedies, customary or religious mechanisms, collaborative dispute resolution methodologies, and transitional justice mechanisms.
As women and children may face particular obstacles in accessing their rights, we provide specific assistance to address these.
ICLA focuses on five thematic areas:
- housing, land and property (HLP) rights
- legal identity, including obtaining the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services
- immigration and refugee laws and procedures, including refugee status determination and legal residency
- government legal procedures and policies for registration of IDPs, when access to rights and services is dependent on such registration
- employment laws and procedures
ICLA on the ground
Our ICLA teams work in 20 countries around the world. Here are some examples of the difference they make:
AFGHANISTAN | Finding a new home
Returning to Afghanistan after living 13 years as refugees in Pakistan, the people of the town of Kishinde found their homeland in ruins. With no other options, they travelled to the outskirts and settled on vacant land.
LEBANON | Fleeing your home, living stateless
Where over one million Syrian refugees have escaped the conflict, an estimated 36,000 children born to Syrian parents are at risk of becoming stateless.
UKRAINE | Opening a new legal centre in eastern Ukraine
NRC opens a new legal aid centre in the city of Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine. The centre provides free legal advice to internally displaced people and others affected by the conflict.
Nearly 40 million at heightened risk of violence, discrimination and rights abuses as Covid spawns a ‘coping crisis’
A new report reveals a severe deterioration in international efforts to protect the world’s most vulnerable people, with human rights violations including gender-based violence, trafficking and child recruitment on the rise.
A record one million displaced by violence in Burkina Faso amid Covid-19
Armed violence has displaced one million people in Burkina Faso since the crisis began, resulting in some of the worst crimes including murders, kidnappings and bombings perpetrated against civilians, many of whom are children. The unprecedented levels of displacement occurred as the coronavirus pandemic worsens an already critical humanitarian crisis in the violence-stricken country.
Documentation and access to healthcare for refugees in Lebanon
This paper focuses on documentary requirements at health facilities in Lebanon for Syrian and Palestinian refugees. During the Covid-19 outbreak in particular, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) monitors the potential impact of such requirements on access to healthcare and the support that legal actors can provide in this context.
Briefing note on the status of civilians who acquired disabilities due to the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine