People reached in 2020
A total of
people benefitted from our ICLA work
Legal and institutional frameworks, whether statutory, customary or religious, can either provoke or perpetuate displacement and discrimination or serve as instruments of protection and empowerment. People affected by displacement require assistance to understand, interpret and navigate these frameworks.
NRC’s ICLA programmes aim to enable people affected by displacement to claim and exercise their rights and to find lasting solutions. ICLA also aims to prevent displacement for those at risk. ICLA’s activities are in accordance with the IASC Protection Policy. They promote understanding and respect for the rights of affected people and the obligations of duty bearers under international law.
Our expertise in ICLA
Our ICLA activities support people to claim and exercise their rights through information, counselling, legal assistance, collaborative dispute resolution, capacity building and advocacy. ICLA programmes may engage in public interest cases, if this will lead to a direct positive effect for a greater number of individuals or create legal precedents that can generate positive structural changes.
ICLA may use international litigation mechanisms when domestic remedies have been exhausted or are ineffective. ICLA also advocates at all levels, including international bodies, to pursue the goal of promoting respect for the rights of people affected by displacement.
ICLA programmes observe local legal, cultural and social norms without compromising our commitment to promote and respect rights established by international law. This includes the use of judicial or administrative remedies, customary or religious mechanisms, collaborative dispute resolution methodologies, and transitional justice mechanisms.
As women and children may face particular obstacles in accessing their rights, we provide specific assistance to address these.
ICLA focuses on five thematic areas:
- housing, land and property (HLP) rights
- legal identity, including obtaining the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services
- immigration and refugee laws and procedures, including refugee status determination and legal residency
- government legal procedures and policies for registration of internally displaced people, when access to rights and services is dependent on such registration
- employment laws and procedures
ICLA on the ground
Our ICLA teams work in 20 countries around the world. Here are some examples of the difference they make:
AFGHANISTAN | Finding a new home
Returning to Afghanistan after living 13 years as refugees in Pakistan, the people of the town of Kishinde found their homeland in ruins. With no other options, they travelled to the outskirts and settled on vacant land.
LEBANON | Fleeing your home, living stateless
Where over one million Syrian refugees have escaped the conflict, an estimated 36,000 children born to Syrian parents are at risk of becoming stateless.
UKRAINE | Opening a new legal centre in eastern Ukraine
NRC opens a new legal aid centre in the city of Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine. The centre provides free legal advice to internally displaced people and others affected by the conflict.
Meet two NORCAP experts working in the world's most neglected crises
Every year, NRC publishes the list of the ten most neglected displacement crises in the world, to shine the spotlight on these forgotten emergencies. How much do we know about the worlds most neglected crises? Meet two NORCAP experts working in Democratic Republic of Congo, and Cameroon and learn more about their experiences in the crises that never make the news.
Reaction to UK announcement of cuts to foreign aid
Today the UK Government confirmed the drastic extent of its aid cuts to global humanitarian operations, which have been a lifeline to millions of vulnerable people around the world. In the coming year, the UK will spend £906m to support to humanitarian preparedness and response. This represents a more than 40 per cent drop compared to the 2019.
International aid facilities attacked again in northeast Nigeria
Yesterday, armed groups launched an attack on Damasak town, northeast Nigeria. During the attack compounds belonging to multiple relief agencies and warehouses containing humanitarian stock were looted and set on fire. This is the second attack targeting humanitarians in the past two months in northeast Nigeria, and the fourth attack on Damasak town and its surrounding area this year.
Evaluation of NRC's ICLA programme in Lebanon
This independent evaluation report assesses the Norwegian Refugee Council’s (NRC) Information, Counselling and Legal Assistance (ICLA) programme in Lebanon since 2017.
Documentation and access to healthcare for refugees in Lebanon
This paper focuses on documentary requirements at health facilities in Lebanon for Syrian and Palestinian refugees. During the Covid-19 outbreak in particular, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) monitors the potential impact of such requirements on access to healthcare and the support that legal actors can provide in this context.