People reached in 2018
A total of
people benefitted from our ICLA work
Legal and institutional frameworks, whether statutory, customary or religious, can either provoke or perpetuate displacement and discrimination or serve as instruments of protection and empowerment. People affected by displacement require assistance to understand, interpret and navigate these frameworks.
NRC’s ICLA programmes aim to enable people affected by displacement to claim and exercise their rights and to find lasting solutions. ICLA also aims to prevent displacement for those at risk. ICLA’s activities are in accordance with the IASC Protection Policy. They promote understanding and respect for the rights of affected people and the obligations of duty bearers under international law.
Our expertise in ICLA
Our ICLA activities support people to claim and exercise their rights through information, counselling, legal assistance, collaborative dispute resolution, capacity building and advocacy. ICLA programmes may engage in public interest cases, if this will lead to a direct positive effect for a greater number of individuals or create legal precedents that can generate positive structural changes.
ICLA may use international litigation mechanisms when domestic remedies have been exhausted or are ineffective. ICLA also advocates at all levels, including international bodies, to pursue the goal of promoting respect for the rights of people affected by displacement.
ICLA programmes observe local legal, cultural and social norms without compromising our commitment to promote and respect rights established by international law. This includes the use of judicial or administrative remedies, customary or religious mechanisms, collaborative dispute resolution methodologies, and transitional justice mechanisms.
As women and children may face particular obstacles in accessing their rights, we provide specific assistance to address these.
ICLA focuses on five thematic areas:
- housing, land and property (HLP) rights
- legal identity, including obtaining the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services
- immigration and refugee laws and procedures, including refugee status determination and legal residency
- government legal procedures and policies for registration of IDPs, when access to rights and services is dependent on such registration
- employment laws and procedures
ICLA on the ground
Our ICLA teams work in 20 countries around the world. Here are some examples of the difference they make:
AFGHANISTAN | Finding a new home
Returning to Afghanistan after living 13 years as refugees in Pakistan, the people of the town of Kishinde found their homeland in ruins. With no other options, they travelled to the outskirts and settled on vacant land.
LEBANON | Fleeing your home, living stateless
Where over one million Syrian refugees have escaped the conflict, an estimated 36,000 children born to Syrian parents are at risk of becoming stateless.
UKRAINE | Opening a new legal centre in eastern Ukraine
NRC opens a new legal aid centre in the city of Kharkiv, eastern Ukraine. The centre provides free legal advice to internally displaced people and others affected by the conflict.
NRC statement to the UN Security Council on Cameroon
Statement by the Norwegian Refugee Council's Secretary General, Jan Egeland, to the United Nations Security Council Arria-Formula meeting on his visit to assess the humanitarian situation in Cameroon, and recommendations on the way forward
Yemen: the document that changes the future
A single document can determine the future of a displaced family. In Yemen, we provide birth certificates so that children are able to access life-saving health care, protection, education – and have evidence of their own existence.
Barriers from birth: Undocumented children in Iraq sentenced to a life on the margins
An estimated 45,000 displaced children in camps are missing civil documentation and may face total exclusion from Iraqi society: barred from attending school, denied access to healthcare and deprived of their most basic rights, warns the Norwegian Refugee Council in a new report.
Myanmar: Protecting the Land and the Ethnic Communities
In Myanmar, the Norwegian Refugee Council works to assist conflict-affected communities protecting their land.