Displaced persons face particular difficulties in housing, land and property (HLP) rights. Many have lost their homes and were forced to flee. Finding shelter in displacement can be one of the toughest challenges. When they return after conflict ends, they may find their homes destroyed or occupied by others.
Our HLP work makes up the largest component of our information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA) services. Our experts work with a range of justice mechanisms – traditional, religious and statutory – to help solve disputes over HLP. We always provide services free of charge.
NRC co-chairs the Housing Land and Property Area of Responsibility under the Global Protection Cluster.
What are HLP rights?
Drawn from international humanitarian and human rights law, HLP rights entitle displaced people to a safe home, free from eviction. HLP rights are an essential stepping stone for displaced people to rebuild their lives.
Disputes over land tenure are often at the centre of conflict. When conflict ends, disputes over occupied property are a continued source of instability. They often undermine long-lasting solutions for returning populations, and may threaten fragile peace agreements.
Women’s HLP rights
Even before conflict, women are disadvantaged when it comes to HLP. Land ownership remains largely restricted to men, by both tradition and law.
Conflict makes these inequalities worse and affects women in particular ways. Women's access to HLP is often through inheritance or marriage. But they are denied this by families and communities who follow traditions that limit women's rights.
When displaced widows return to their homes, they can be evicted by their families and even lose custody of their children. Women without secure HLP rights can face impossible choices between staying in an abusive relationship or leaving and becoming homeless.
HLP can be the only economic assets displaced women have. Many are left with few real options but to challenge their families and communities to gain independent access to these assets. NRC prioritises supporting these women to claim their HLP rights. Read more about our work on HLP for women.
A leader in HLP training
For over five years, NRC's Housing, land and property Training Course has taught tens of thousands of people about HLP rights worldwide. Each year, we train displaced people, humanitarian organisations, local organisations and governments about displaced people's rights.
We also have a course specifically on women’s HLP rights. Our HLP Training Manual is available in four languages.
Reporting on HLP
With our position as a leading researcher in displaced people’s HLP rights, the humanitarian community uses our reports to highlight HLP issues that affect displaced people worldwide.
NRC and IFRC, as co-chairs of the Housing, Land and Property Area of Responsibility (AoR) under the Global Protection Cluster, have launched a new joint report on The Importance of Addressing Housing, Land and Property (HLP) Challenges in Humanitarian Response. The report highlights eight reasons why HLP issues need to be addressed from the onset of a humanitarian response.
Broken Home: Women's housing, land and property rights in post-conflict Iraq
Hundreds of thousands of Iraqi women displaced by war remain unable to return to their homes because of systemic injustices that prevent them from proving or claiming ownership of their property.
Emergency compensatory measures: compensation for housing destroyed as a result of the armed conflict
NRC Ukraine presents a new report dedicated to problematic aspects of compensation for housing damaged or destroyed as a result of ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine.