People reached in 2018
A total of
people benefitted from our livelihoods and food security work
Food security rests on four key pillars:
- availability of diverse and nutritious foods
- physical, economic and social access to nutritious foods
- adequate utilisation of food items consumed to maintain a healthy nutritional wellbeing
- strengthening stability of the pillars and systems people rely on over time
During conflicts, disasters and displacement, food production and market systems face potential collapse. People lose their assets and their ability to earn a living is disrupted.
Our expertise in livelihoods and food security
We provide food assistance to prevent loss of life and to contribute to the rehabilitation of local food and market systems. We promote livelihood strategies that protect, recover and strengthen individuals' and households' abilities to earn a living. To prevent repeated displacement, we support engagement in social and economic opportunities that reinforce the adaptive capacity of systems, individuals, families and communities affected by displacement.
We follow the UN Food and Agricultural Organization’s (FAO) definition of food security:
"Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food which meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life."
In both emergencies and protracted crises, we analyse the livelihood vulnerability context and situation. This analysis enables us to better understand vulnerability, needs and preferences, and is key to the development of holistic integrated responses that contribute to durable solutions.
Livelihood interventions must be undertaken in combination with other sectors.
Our livelihoods and food security work focuses on the following thematic areas:
- household and livelihood vulnerability analysis
- emergency food assistance
- asset creation (creating local assets that reduce food insecurity and build livelihood opportunities)
- school meals and gardening
- nutritious food production systems
- integrated natural resource management
- food infrastructure systems
- employment and income generation and/or diversification
- credit and finance facilitation
- initial business and value chain development
- integrated risk reduction
We work in three areas to enable livelihoods that are in support of durable solutions:
- Meeting basic needs/livelihoods provisioning
Protect and stabilise affected households against further effects of risks and crisis by ensuring access to adequate and appropriate nutritious food. Provide other essential livelihood needs required for survival.
- Livelihoods protection
Support affected households and communities in protecting household and livelihood systems, avert erosion of productive assets, and support households and communities in restoring productive assets.
- Livelihoods promotion
Enhance household and community capacity to manage risks and shocks and to leverage their adaptive, financial and human capabilities. Invest in lasting solutions for improved economic and social wellbeing and dignity.
Locust plague spells catastrophe for millions living in underfunded East Africa
Grossly underfunded humanitarian responses across East Africa are tipping towards breaking point as a result of the recent desert locust invasion.
Protection of people must be priority for new government in South Sudan
As plans get underway for the formation of the transitional government in South Sudan tomorrow (Saturday, February 22), protecting its people, preserving peace and providing humanitarian access to areas gripped by food insecurity caused by extreme weather and locusts must be among the top priorities for leaders.
Conflict and drought displace 300,000 in Somalia so far this year
Over 300,000 people have been displaced due to drought and conflict in Somalia so far this year. The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) said insecurity is making it virtually impossible for humanitarians to provide aid in rural areas and is resulting in vulnerable people moving to overcrowded camps in urban areas for assistance.
Targeted protection and livelihoods support to most vulnerable IDP and host communities in Borno State of Nigeria
External evaluation of NRC Livelihoods and Food Security Programme response to humanitarian needs in North East Nigeria (2015 – 2018).
When canals run dry - displacement triggered by water stress in the south of Iraq
The Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) embarked on a new research programme in December 2018 to investigate internal displacement associated with slow-onset environmental change.