In 2021, more than one in four people in Sudan requires humanitarian assistance. The country suffers from multiple protracted and recent emergencies, against a challenging, changing backdrop. The political system is in a strained state of transition, the economy is currently in crisis with high inflation and fuel and bread shortages, a peace process with multiple non-state armed groups is underway, and the AU-UN peacekeeping mission prematurely closed at the end of 2020 despite continuing protection threats.
Sudan is the fifth largest humanitarian context in the world, with almost 13 million people in humanitarian need, including over 2.5 million Sudanese people who are internally displaced by conflict, the majority of whom are in Darfur, and over a million refugees from South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and others. Since November 2020, a new refugee emergency and military border tensions in eastern Sudan flowed from the Tigray crisis in Ethiopia.
Since the political transition in 2019, bureaucratic restrictions that hindered humanitarian response have significantly decreased.
People we helped in Sudan in 2020
NRC resumed operations in Sudan in 2020, providing humanitarian assistance, protection, and durable solutions. Our country programme integrates all of NRC’s six core competencies (camp management, education, ICLA, livelihoods, shelter, and WASH), and provides a rapid response capacity (including for the recent refugee emergency in eastern Sudan), and also thematic capacities for cash and markets-based approaches, advocacy, digital modes of assistance, and co-leading various technical and strategic coordination platforms.
- European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid (ECHO)
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SHF)
- Vitol Foundation
About NRC in Sudan
Darfur's return to war would spell disaster for Sudan
At least 125 people were brutally killed this month, when Arab and Masalit tribesmen fought running street battles in the Sudanese city of El Geneina. Rocket-propelled grenades hit a hospital and UN compound, and families who were already forced to flee their homes because of past fighting were pushed out of camps.