The 2019 failed Gu’ rains, for a country yet to recover from the impact of the prolonged 2016/17 drought, has led Somalia into severe drought with an estimated 5.4 million people expected to be food insecure and over 2.2 million people projected to be in acute food insecurity by September. Severe acute malnutrition rates among children are increasing rapidly, mainly among internally displaced persons (IDPs).
Drought conditions are worsening protection challenges, particularly for women and children, as families lose their socio-economic safety nets. Over 2.6 million Somalis are now IDPs, with 80 percent in urban areas, where they continue to face serious risks of evictions, marginalisation and exclusion. This year, 45,000 people have been displaced by drought.
Drought induced displacement disrupts education and exposes children to protection risks - family separation, gender-based violence and child recruitment.
With rainfall deficits confirmed in April and grim forecasts for May, the situation is now extremely concerning with potentially more disastrous consequences than in 2017.
People we helped in Somalia in 2018
The drought situation in Somalia has deteriorated rapidly and intensified much earlier than seen over the last decade. Life-saving assistance is urgently needed to halt further internal displacement.
Our emergency teams are on the ground, responding to the ever-increasing IDP needs. We target those forced to flee in our activities, from building shelters to tackling agricultural challenges, to enabling them to acquire new skills that can increase their resilience to withstand shocks in the future.
We work to strengthen existing settlements. Our teams:
- map settlements and plan trainings to improve settlement layout
- conduct Capacity Building Training for settlement leaders to improve access to information and accountability to people affected by displacement
- map existing resources and infrastructure in settlements to identify gaps
- construct community centres for community meetings
We want all displaced Somali children and youth, as well as those in the communities that host them, to go to school. Our education teams:
- provide classes for children who have missed out on education to catch up with their peers, to ensure their transition into the formal school system
- engage with young people through our youth education programme, which helps young adults find opportunities to create their own businesses and cooperatives
- train teachers
- construct and rehabilitate classrooms, in coordination with our shelter teams
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
Many displaced people in Somalia are denied basic rights like land and tenure. Our teams:
- help Somali refugees to return safely
- raise awareness about the rights of displaced people among local authorities and communities
- provide information and legal counselling on housing, land and property rights to displaced Somalis and Somali refugees who have returned to the country
- run an emergency hotline and call centre to provide immediate legal advice
- assist displaced Somalis to secure land tenure
Livelihoods and food security
Violent conflict, poverty and drought have increased food insecurity in Somalia. Our teams:
- make cash transfers to families so they can purchase food and household goods
- raise awareness of and give trainings on good nutrition practices
- support communities’ environmental conservation, like providing solar energy for irrigation
- provide livelihood trainings to empower farmers and other community members with new skills, for instance, farmers are trained to tackle diseases that can damage their crops
Shelter and settlements
We provide temporary, transitional and permanent shelters to internally displaced people in Somalia. Our teams:
- construct temporary, transitional and permanent shelters
- distribute household items like solar lamps
- construct and rehabilitating classrooms
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Our WASH teams:
- build household and community latrines
- install and rehabilitate water systems for drinking water
- promote sanitation and hygiene awareness
- train communities on how to use and maintain hygiene facilities and waste management
BRCiS is a humanitarian Consortium that takes a holistic approach to supporting Somali communities in developing their capacity to resist and absorb minor shocks without undermining their ability to move out of poverty. Read more at www.nrc.no/brcis
- Somalia Humanitarian Fond (SHF)
- Norwegian Agency for Development cooperation (Norad)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- European Union Trust Fund
- Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- Department for International Development (DFID)
- European Union Development Corporation (DEVCO)
- World Food Programme (WFP)
- United Nation Children Fund (UNICEF)
- World Bank
- United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
- German Corporation for International Cooperation (GIZ)
- King Salman Relief
About NRC in (country)
On-the-record update on the drought situation in Somalia
Below average rains since last October have resulted in the rapid deterioration of the humanitarian situation in Somalia leaving an estimated 2.2 million people, almost half of which are internally displaced persons, in urgent need of food.
137,000 people forced to flee their homes this year in Somalia
Displacement of families is rising with evictions, conflict and drought the top causes.