A total of
people in need received our assistance in 2017.
Conflict, drought and flooding are the main causes of displacement in Ethiopia. Surrounded by a region in conflict, Ethiopia is Africa's second largest refugee hosting country. As of December 2017, Ethiopia hosts over 890,000 refugees. They are mainly from neighbouring South Sudan, Eritrea, Sudan and Somalia.
The refugee population continues to rise with the war in South Sudan and a steady influx from Eritrea. More than 400,000 refugees from South Sudan have crossed into Ethiopia's Gambella region since the war broke out in December 2013.
Meanwhile, climate change has taken its toll on the country. Three consecutive droughts between 2015 and 2017 have caused severe food and water shortages alongside loss of livestock and crops, displacing many people within their own country. In 2017, unrest and local conflicts forced more people to flee from their homes. By the end of 2017, there were more than one million internally displaced people in Ethiopia.
People we helped in Ethiopia in 2017
NRC is present in five regions in Ethiopia, providing refugees and internally displaced people with emergency relief and help them rebuilding their lives.
NRC gives children and youth a chance to return to formal schooling. Our education teams:
- give quality education and catch-up classes to displacement affected children and youth
- train teachers
- give literacy training to adults
- distribute school materials
- provide vocational training where students receive professional certification in trades like hairdressing and carpentry
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
People affected by displacement often require assistance to interpret and navigate legal frameworks. We:
- help people understand their obligations and entitlements during displacement
- assist displaced people to access civil documentation
- collaborate with government partners to ensure that the legal framework of the country serves to protect displaced people in the long-term
Livelihoods and food security
We strive to improve peoples' living conditions and access to food and livelihood. We:
- give graduates from our vocational training courses business training and start- up packages that enable them to start their own businesses
- help displaced people to access markets and market chains
- distribute seeds and agricultural tools
- give training sessions on food security and agricultural production
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
We improve access to safe and sufficient water and sanitation facilities, and promote hygiene awareness. We:
- facilitate access to clean water and latrines
- construct and maintain water infrastructure like drilling boreholes
- raise hygiene awareness
- fight outbreaks of diarrhoea by providing chlorinated water for both people and livestock
- distribute hygiene items like soap
- provide water for agricultural production
Child Protection (CP)
Due to the high number of unaccompanied Eritrean children in the refugee camps in Shire, northern Ethiopia, NRC runs a child protection programme. We:
- identify care arrangements for the children
- provide shelter and food
- employ social workers and care takers to support the children
- refer children with special needs to specialised agencies
- Swiss Secretariat for Migration(SEM)
- Dutch (Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
The waiting room
Inside two small houses in a refugee camp in northern Ethiopia live seven girls and six boys. These children all have one thing in common: they have fled across the border from Eritrea, alone.
Peace and shelter – and then what?
South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia are facing long days with nothing to do.