Photo: Beate Simarud/NRC

NRC in Ethiopia


A total of


people in need received our assistance in 2021.


Humanitarian overview

Conflict, drought, flooding and the socioeconomic impact of Covid-19 are the main causes of displacement in Ethiopia. Amidst the political transition, armed conflict and community violence remains a critical concern across Ethiopia, from Benishangul Gumuz, to Oromia and Tigray. Heightened competition over resources due to pressures from climatic shocks, Covid-19 containment measures, and desert locust infestation in certain areas, create further inter-communal tension, violence, and displacement.

The number of internally displaced people at the end of June 2021 was 2,105,387, majority of which were displaced due to conflict. Most displaced people are living in Oromia, Benishangul-Gumuz, Tigray and Somali region. Those who are displaced struggle to rebuild their livelihoods.

Surrounded by a region in conflict, Ethiopia is Africa's third largest refugee hosting country, hosting 785,322 refugees. They are mainly from neighbouring South Sudan, Eritrea, Sudan and Somalia.

  • 41,887
    people benefited from our education programme
  • 10,369
    people benefited from our food security programme
  • 70,605
    people benefited from our shelter programme
  • 10,458
    people benefited from our ICLA programme
  • 158,903
    people benefited from our WASH programme


NRC's operation

NRC is present in seven regions (Tigray, Oromia, Amhara, SNNP, Benishangul-Gumuz, Gambella, Somali region) and one city (Addis Ababa) in Ethiopia. We provide refugees, host community members and internally displaced people with emergency relief and help them to rebuild their lives.

NRC EducationEducation

We give children and youth a chance to return to formal schooling. Our education teams:

  • give quality education and catch-up classes to displacement-affected children and youth
  • train teachers
  • give literacy training to adults
  • provide vocational training where students receive professional certification in trades like hairdressing and carpentry
  • construct temporary learning spaces and distribute school materials in emergencies

NRC Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)

People affected by displacement often require assistance to interpret and navigate legal frameworks. We:

  • help people understand their obligations and entitlements during displacement
  • assist displaced people to access legal identity documentation and housing, land and property rights
  • collaborate with government bodies and partners to ensure that the legal framework of the country serves to protect displaced people in the long term

NRC Livelihoods and food securityLivelihoods and food security

We strive to improve living conditions and access to food and livelihoods. We:

  • give graduates from our vocational training courses business training and start-up packages that enable them to start their own businesses
  • help displaced people to access markets and market chains
  • distribute seeds and agricultural tools
  • give training sessions on food security and agricultural production

NRC Shelter and settlementsShelter and settlements

NRC is among the main shelter providers in refugee camps in Ethiopia and is present in several border areas. Our teams:

  • provide refugees and host communities with shelter
  • provide temporary and transitional shelters
  • distribute household items like cooking utensils and plastic sheeting
  • construct schools
  • provide shelter construction training

NRC Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion

We improve Public Health and strengthen resilience of populations affected by displacements, natural disasters, and disease outbreaks. We:

  • facilitate access to clean water through the construction and rehabilitation of water infrastructures
  • promote the use of renewable energy like solar in provision of water
  • construct and rehabilitate latrines including for health and school institutions
  • promote behaviour change through raising hygiene awareness
  • respond to disease outbreaks like Cholera and public health related diseases
  • use markets to provide hygiene items like soap and water storage containers
  • provide water for multi-purpose use like for irrigation and animals

Child protection (CP)

Due to the high number of unaccompanied Eritrean children in the refugee camps in Shire, northern Ethiopia, NRC runs a child protection programme. We:

  • identify care arrangements for the children
  • provide shelter and food
  • employ social workers and caregivers to support the children
  • refer children with special needs to specialised agencies

About NRC in Ethiopia

International staff
Areas of operation
Addis Ababa (Country Office), Benishangul Gumuz, Somali Region, Oromia, SNNPR, Gambella, and Tigray.
Budget 2020
USD 25 million
National staff


Country Director

Sumananjali Mohanty


+251 116 619978/80