According to the latest data from the UN refugee agency (UNHCR), 76,970 people have arrived in Uganda from the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 1 January 2018. This brings the total number of Congolese refugees in Uganda to 276,570.
This year, between 17 and 23 April alone, 1,721 Congolese refugees entered Uganda from various parts of their home country. Many of those arriving in west Uganda have reported deadly violence between ethnic communities in DR Congo. Attacks on civilian populations have increased, including killings and destruction of property. Refugees have reported instances of rape, abduction and forced recruitment.
"We are in the middle of the crisis and we are doing our best to save lives and protect the most vulnerable. As things stand, no one knows how many people will show up tomorrow. Each day brings new challenges," says Dominika Arseniuk, NRC’s Head of Programme in Uganda.
A cholera outbreak in the western districts of Hoima and Kyengewa has affected 2,246 people with 45 deaths reported since mid-February. In the Kyangwali refugee settlement, a total of 2,115 cholera cases, including 44 deaths, have been reported since the outbreak on 20 February this year.
Since Uganda’s ministry of health officially declared a cholera outbreak in the refugee settlements of Hoima and Kyegegwa districts three days after the outbreak, the number of cholera cases and deaths has decreased. The declaration helped to prioritise hygiene and sanitation among agencies responding with awareness campaigns, disinfection and water treatment.
Responding to the emergency
Twenty-eight national and international non-governmental agencies, including our own team, are now responding to the crisis together.
We have constructed 200 communal latrines and 200 bathing shelters at Kyangwali refugee settlement. The emergency response team installed two water tanks to supply clean water to the refugees in the settlement.
We have trained 10 additional hygiene promoters, and 40 sanitation committees are currently managing sanitary facilities and reporting to technical committees on a daily basis. Hygiene mobilisers are distributing aqua tabs in the settlement, helping refugees to disinfect drinking water and minimise the risks of cholera.
With the cold nights, rainy periods and dry climate during the day, the refugees desperately need shelter. We are constructing temporary shelters for people with specific needs. The shelters are made out of wooden poles and plastic sheeting.
"The humanitarian needs are enormous. We need more resources to come in," says Arseniuk in Uganda.
Ongoing emergency response is being supported through emergency funding by Swedish government.
- The total number of refugees and asylum-seekers residing in Uganda is 1,444,856 as of 28 February 2018.
- The total number of refugees and asylum-seekers from DR Congo in Uganda is 276,570 as of 28 February 2018.
- The total number of new arrivals from DR Congo in Uganda between 1 January and 26 April is 76,970.
- 60 per cent of the refugees in Uganda are children.
- 51 per cent of all refugees from DR Congo are in Uganda.
Cholera puts the lives of Congolese refugees at risk: https://www.nrc.no/news/2018/march/cholera-puts-the-lives-of-congolese-refugees-at-risk/
A story of a family reunion: https://www.nrc.no/news/2018/march/a-story-of-a-family-reunion/