The dire humanitarian situation in Yemen is an entirely man-made catastrophe. A lack of access to livelihoods, food, safe water and identity documents has left 22 million Yemenis dependent on protection or humanitarian aid for survival and forced many to make choices that put them at risk of abuse and exploitation.
Protracted conflict, economic deterioration and the sustained non-payment of public salaries have left two-thirds of Yemen’s population – 20 million people – facing crisis or emergency food insecurity, and a threat of widespread famine.
While the end of 2018 saw a giant leap forward in Yemen’s political process with the signing of an agreement geared at restoring security, access and economic stability in Hodeidah, the situation across Yemen remains extremely fragile.
The political situation remains uncertain, and there is no doubt that people in Yemen will need ongoing support and investment from the international community to meet their basic aid and protection needs.
People we helped in Yemen in 2018:
In Yemen, we seek to buy local products and employ local labour, recognising the skills and systems that exist within the communities we support.
The damaged infrastructure, a fractured economy and constant bureaucratic constraints continue to intensify the crisis and make it challenging for humanitarian groups, including our organisation, to reach displacement-affected communities with critical humanitarian aid.
The education sector is one of the most neglected areas within Yemen’s humanitarian crisis. Displacement, attacks and misuse of schools have left more than two million children without access to education. We continue to work with key ministries, local authorities, children, families and communities to improve access to primary school for children affected by Yemen’s conflict.
We restore access to education by:
- rehabilitating and constructing classrooms and other facilities
- training teachers and other education staff to provide quality education
- distributing school materials to children and providing sanitary kits to girls to promote their participation
- working with communities to keep schools safe
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
In early 2018, in recognition of the significant gap in Information, Counselling and Legal Assistance (ICLA) responses in Yemen, we established programmes that help Yemeni people access information, identification papers and legal assistance.
Our ICLA team is currently focused on:
- informing people of their legal rights
- assisting people in accessing critical identity documents
- referring people for practical support with housing, land and property issues
- establishing community-based protection networks
- advocating for policy changes that affect peoples’ rights
Livelihoods and food security
The cost of food has in many places more than doubled since the beginning of Yemen’s conflict, leaving basic supplies beyond the reach of many Yemeni families. Our teams respond to emergency food needs and are working where possible to help Yemenis move back towards self-reliance.
We support improved access to safe food by:
- distributing food
- providing unconditional cash transfers to families in need
- providing start-up capital and training for youth and women entrepreneurs
- supporting training on food security and agricultural production
- providing livelihood and rehabilitation support for people to ensure sustainable income
Shelter and settlements
Our shelter interventions aim at improving living conditions for conflict-affected families. We recognise that most displaced people in Yemen rely on support from extended family, friends and other community networks, and seek to ensure people can live with privacy and dignity.
We invest in creating safe, appropriate living conditions by:
- supplying basic household items including blankets, mattresses, jerry cans and kitchen utensils
- constructing emergency temporary shelters
- upgrading shelters for displaced people residing in existing homes
- improving shelters to create safe spaces for those living in public buildings
Camp coordination and camp management (CCCM)
Our camp management programme aims to protect displaced people and uphold their rights, to promote their participation, self-sufficiency and dignity, and to ensure provision of assistance and access to services. We work in camps, in dispersed displacement settings, and within host communities in non-camp settings.
Our CCCM team is focused on:
- monitoring and advocating to fill service gaps in camps
- delivering services in camps
- building the capacities of displaced people, camp community and local actors
- facilitating and leading coordination between humanitarian actors, local authorities, and the camp community
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
Water and sanitation efforts in Yemen continue to face enormous challenges. The conflict has placed immense pressure on water supplies and created a breakdown in sanitation services across both urban and rural areas. We are working with communities to ensure that water is stored, managed and distributed safely, and that sanitation needs are addressed through appropriate waste management.
We ensure people in Yemen can access safe water by:
- rehabilitating water supply systems in both urban and rural settings
- developing water supply wells for water extraction
- trucking safe water to communities in areas with acute emergencies
- conducting hygiene information dissemination to promote improved hygiene practices
- improving sanitation facilities
- constructing latrines and toilets that meet the sanitation needs of displacement-affected households
About NRC in Yemen
- The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- European Civil protection and Humanitarian aid Operations (ECHO)
- The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)
- Department for International Development (DFID)
- The European Union (EU)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- The World Food Programme (WFP)
- The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
- The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR)
- United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
- German Federal Foreign Office (GFFO)