Read caption Photo: Ingrid Beauquis/NRC

NRC in Central African Republic

International efforts in the Central African Republic have been inconsistent, with insufficient and ebbing aid. NRC declared it the world’s most neglected crisis in 2017.

Facts

A total of

181,780

people in need received our assistance in 2019.

 

Humanitarian overview

Since 2013, the Central African Republic (CAR) has fallen victim to a conflict which has led to thousands of people losing their lives and to massive population movements. In February 2019, a peace agreement was signed between the government and 14 armed groups. However, the situation gravely deteriorated in December 2020 during the electoral process. A coalition of armed groups, signatories of the peace agreement, launched a series of attacks throughout the country and on the outskirts of Bangui.

This new conflict led to more than 100,000 newly displaced people, in addition to more than 600,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) and 600,000 refugees. More than half of the population – 2.8 million – are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection.

With a literacy rate of 37 per cent and life expectancy at 53 years, CAR ranks second from the bottom on the Human Development Index. Thirty per cent of children are forced into child labour. As violent conflict persists, vulnerable populations face limited access to basic rights, protection, and assistance. Humanitarian aid remains a critical lifeline.

 

People we helped in the Central African Republic in 2019

33,552
people benefited from our education programme
53,646
people benefited from our food security programme
13,193
people benefited from our shelter programme
40,784
people benefited from our ICLA programme
47,618
people benefited from our WASH programme

NRC's operation

While CAR is one of the most dangerous places for humanitarians to work (with a 39 per cent increase in incidents against aid workers in 2020), NRC builds acceptance to ensure that our support serves communities through integrated multi-sector assistance. We try to focus on hard-to-reach areas where few other organisations are present and aim to provide sustainable assistance. In 2020, our country office has operations in eight prefectures. NRC also advocates for the protection and rights of those affected by conflict, with a particular focus on housing, land, and property rights.

 

NRC EducationEducation

 
We support the public education system at the national, local and community levels in three prefectures to provide quality education to children. We also make sure that children who have missed out on their education are able to catch up with their peers. Our education teams:

  • construct and rebuild schools to provide a safe and secure learning environment for children
  • re-enrol children in courses so they can enjoy an education, while creating a routine and sense of normalcy for youth affected by displacement and trauma
  • enlist and train teachers to strengthen their capacity in class management and teaching methodology
  • provide catch-up classes to children who have missed out on their education to allow them to reintegrate into the formal school system
  • provide youth with training and support to enhance their livelihood skills and guide them towards a profession
      

NRC Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)

 
In CAR, our ICLA teams help people affected by displacement with their property rights, by:

  • ensuring that tenants are the rightful, legal owners through capacity building of local authorities, improvement of archiving systems and setting up community systems on the protection of HLP rights, etc.
  • working to prevent further conflict over HLP by providing local authorities and community mechanisms with much needed capacity building for them to better know their roles and responsibilities when it comes to assisting the resolution of HLP conflicts
  • conducting activities to promote social cohesion and foster dialogue and conflict resolution between communities
  • helping people obtain legal documentation, including the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services by building state agents’ capacity and providing information sessions to the public on the importance of such documentation

 

NRC Livelihoods and food securityLivelihoods and food security

 
Nearly 2.4 million people were predicted to face crisis (IPC 3) or worse levels of acute food insecurity in 2020. To restore the food security and livelihoods of communities affected by displacement, our teams:

  • distribute agricultural tools and seeds to restore vulnerable households’ resilience
  • provide training sessions on agricultural techniques to improve yields and increase households independence when growing different foods
  • provide income generating activities to increase beneficiaries’ livelihoods
  • provide food and household items for people in acute need through the distribution of cash or vouchers  

 

NRC Shelter and settlementsShelter and settlements

 
NRC’s shelter work in CAR endeavours to improve living conditions for people affected by displacement. Our shelter teams:

  • work with the ICLA teams to ensure that households’ HLP rights are respected and upheld
  • build and repair houses damaged or destroyed by providing in-kind material, cash and technical expertise
  • provide emergency shelter to people in displacement camps
  • rehabilitate community infrastructures including administrative buildings and schools
  • as part of our Covid-19 response, NRC also repaired a hospital building to be used for treatment and isolation

 

NRC Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion

 
To restore the basic human rights and dignity of displaced people, we run WASH activities. Our dedicated teams:

  • construct and treat water sources such as wells and pumps, providing clean drinking water for affected communities
  • construct and repair latrines to help people utilise dignified personal waste disposal systems
  • promote hygiene awareness and materials to bring about long-term changes to sanitation practices with a particular focus on the transmission of Covid-19
  • provide materials to vulnerable individuals in need, in the form of cash, vouchers or in-kind materials

 

Humanitarian mediation and protection

In a context where conflict prevails, our regional project on Humanitarian Mediation and Protection, financed by Sida, has gained even more importance. The project seeks to contribute to improved protection of civilians through humanitarian mediation processes aimed at conflict prevention and mitigation. The activities include the:

  • undertaking of conflict-sensitive, gender and protection analysis
  • facilitation or support to dialogue processes and humanitarian mediation processes
  • training of national and international actors
NRC CAR is grateful for the generous support of our donors:
  • Agence Française de Développement (AFD)
  • Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
  • Education Cannot Wait (ECW)
  • Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
  • Bureau of Humanitarian Assistance (BHA)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
  • Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
  • United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR)
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the Humanitarian Pooled Fund
  • World Food Programme (WFP)

About NRC in CAR

Established
2014
International staff
22
Areas of operation
Bangui (Country Office), Nana-Gribizi, Kemo, Ouaka, Ombella-Mpoko, Lobaye, Mambere-Kadei, Nana Mambere, Basse-Kotto prefectures
Budget 2020
USD 14.4 million
National staff
208

Contact

Country Director

David Manan

Phone

+236 720 31 740