Central African Republic
Since its independence in 1960, the Central African Republic (CAR) has seen continuous political crises of dictatorship, military coups and armed clashes. In December 2012, civil war broke out between the predominantly Muslim rebel group Seleka, from the marginalised northern areas, and the Christian and animist militia anti-Balaka.
In 2014, hundreds of thousands of people were displaced after Seleka overthrew President Bozizé. Later that year, the armed groups agreed to a ceasefire. By then, almost one quarter of the population had been forced to flee.
While the 2016 elections were peaceful, the government still struggles to achieve lasting peace. After few months of stability, violence resumed in November 2016. In 2018, violence and wide-scale human rights violations are still being committed by all parties in the conflict, and more than half of the population remain in humanitarian needs.
About 614,679 people are currently displaced while half the population face food insecurity, eating only one meal per day. A further 572,062 are living as refugees in Cameroon, Chad and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
People we helped in the Central African Republic in 2017
Clashes among armed groups and widespread violence make it difficult to reach people in need; While CAR is one of the most dangerous place for humanitarians to work, we ensure that our support serves all communities equally through multisector assistance.
International efforts have been inconsistent, with insufficient and ebbing aid. Overall, CAR is seen as one of the world’s most neglected crisis.
We strive to influence the international community, advocating for increased funding and better protection of the most vulnerable people.
We support the public education system at the national, local and community levels in three prefectures to provide quality education to children. Our education teams:
- construct and rebuild schools to provide a safe and secure learning environment for children.
- re-enrol children in courses
- enlist and train teachers
- provide catch-up classes to children who have missed out on their education through our accelerated learning programme to allow them to reintegrate into the formal school system.
- provide youth with training and support to enhance their livelihood skills and guide them towards a profession.
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
In CAR, our ICLA teams help people affected by displacement with their housing, land and property (HLP) rights. We:
- ensure that tenants are the rightful, legal owners
- work to prevent further conflict over housing, land and property
- conduct activities to promote social cohesion and foster dialogue and conflict resolution between communities
- help people obtain legal documentation, including the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services
Livelihoods and food security
To support communities affected by displacement to restore their livelihoods, our teams:
- distribute agricultural tools and seeds
- provide training sessions on agricultural techniques
- provide income generating activities
Shelter and settlements
Our shelter work in CAR endeavours to improve living accommodations for people affected by displacement. Our shelter teams:
- build and repair houses damaged or destroyed during the crisis
- provide accommodation to people in displacement camps
- rehabilitate community infrastructures, including schools
- work closely with ICLA team to ensure households’ HLP rights are respected
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
To restore the basic human rights and dignity of people affected by displacement, we run water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) activities. We:
- construct and treat water sources such as wells and pumps providing clean drinking water
- construct and repair latrines
- promote hygiene awareness and materials
- Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
- United Nations refugee agency (UNHCR)
- Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
- Office of US Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) for the Humanitarian Pooled Fund
About NRC in Central African Republic
Where armed groups rule
Over 230,000 people were forced to flee their homes in the Central African Republic (CAR) in the first half of 2018. “It has gone from bad to worse and there are no signs of improvement,” says Eric Batonon, NRC country director.
Returning to an occupied house
After having spent four years as a refugee in Cameroon, Ladifa and her family returned home to western Central African Republic (CAR), only to find their house occupied by another resident.