“Seldom have we seen such an overt test of our global humanity as in this pandemic-stricken world of 2020. Thirty-seven rich countries will throw a combined $11 trillion at keeping their large economies afloat, while 63 poorer nations are not even close to receiving the $ 40 billion they desperately need in emergency aid. The unanswered aid appeal is just 0.36 per cent of the money pledged within OECD countries. The verdict of history will be harsh,” said Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
The $40 billion humanitarian ask is intended to support 63 countries with limited existing capacities to manage the direct and indirect impact of the pandemic. It includes 25 pre-existing humanitarian crises, such as Syria and Venezuela, where protracted conflict, disaster and hunger affected millions of people before the arrival of Covid-19.
The alarming funding disparities come off the back of a new report launched today by NRC titled Make or break: the implications of Covid-19 for crisis financing, which calls for more flexible, multi-year humanitarian funding, and a fundamental rethink of how the international community prepares for and responds to humanitarian crises.
“Covid-19 is bringing unprecedented upheavals and opportunities for change to economies, and the humanitarian sector should be no different. This crisis demands both far greater generosity from the world’s richest peoples, but also a commitment from all of us to dramatically change the way we work,” Egeland said.
- Before the Covid-19 pandemic, 25 countries had developed Humanitarian Response Plans detailing complex humanitarian needs arising from conflict and/or disaster. In July 2020, the UN and humanitarian partners launched the revised Global Humanitarian Response Plan (GHRP), detailing emergency needs across 63 countries.
- The GHRP details needs for emergency healthcare, food, water, shelter, education and protection for more than 250 million people, with specific reference to the need for vastly expanded services to prevent and respond to gender-based violence.
- Over halfway through 2020, the global humanitarian response is less than a quarter funded. Yet at $40 billion, it represents just 0.36 per cent of the $11 trillion of stimulus packages undertaken by OECD and G20 countries.
- NRC’s report calls for investment in national and regional financial preparedness, engagement with the private sector and humanitarian response systems that move money efficiently to support the world’s poorest.
- The report finds regional variations in funding and indications that international humanitarian financing is not reaching those who need it most.
Source: Financial Tracking Service.