Aigachatou, a single mother and her children, standing in front of their makeshift tent after fleeing violence in Timbuktu in Mali.  
Photo: Togo Moise/NRC
Read caption Aigachatou, a single mother and her children, standing in front of their makeshift tent after fleeing violence in Timbuktu. Photo: Togo Moise/NRC

G5 Sahel summit: Civilians should be the priority in military discussions

Published 10. Jan 2020
While countries responsible for the military response to the conflicts in the Sahel meet in France on 13 January, Action Against Hunger (AAH), the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and Oxfam warn about the insufficient humanitarian aid and lack of protection of civilians.

The discussion on the effectiveness and legitimacy of the French intervention in the Sahel must not conceal the lack of protection faced by the civilian population, who are caught in the crossfire between armed groups, militias and national or international security forces.

"The military response in the Sahel is part of the problem.  Last year, military operations in Mali have pushed more than 80,000 people to flee. Engagement in the Sahel must put the protection of people at the heart of the response", says Maureen Magee, NRC Regional Director.

Given the gravity of the situation, political and military actors must first assume their responsibilities towards the civilian population by guaranteeing respect for International Humanitarian Law to and protect people without discrimination. There is a need to urgently increase the humanitarian response, while also support lasting solutions for the displaced, functioning justice systems and basic social services.

“Mass displacement, more than half a million people since the start of 2019, has contributed to almost a tripling of the number of people in food and nutritional insecurity in the central Sahel “says Mamadou Diop, Regional Director of Action Against Hunger. 

"We have no access to water, we have no shelter, no resources. I can't eat every day. Without humanitarian aid I can't provide for my family," said Victorine from Burkina Faso. 

Despite massive investments in military interventions in the Sahel, violence increased in 2019. The year ended tragically with a massacre in Arbinda, Burkina Faso on Christmas Eve, which killed 35 civilians, including 31 women.

"It’s clear that a solely military response does not work. We must invest in non-military solutions with and for affected communities, and urgently mobilize to address the exploding humanitarian needs," said Adama Coulibaly, Oxfam Regional Director.

Due to lack of funding in 2019, humanitarian organisations are struggling to meet the needs of vulnerable people in the Sahel.  

 

Spokespersons are available for interviews in the region:

Hassane Hamadou, Country Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council in Mali. Email: hassane.hamadou@nrc.no Tel: +223 75 99 54 14

Claire Le Privé, Regional media and communication advisor – West Africa for Oxfam International. Email claire.leprive@oxfam.org  Phone: +221 78 140 47 93 WhasApp: +33623174972