New figures show that this spike in violence is happening across different parts of the country. October was the most violent month recorded all year, bringing the total number of causalities in Yemen since the agreement to 5,267 – or 7 civilians a day.
Clashes are taking place in residential neighbourhoods, roads are being blocked, and aid agencies struggle to get through safely. In the two last weeks, three mass causality events shook the country: multiple children were killed and injured in both Taiz and Hodeidah, and factory staff were killed while at work in a Hodeidah industrial complex. There has also been a 40 per cent increase in armed attacks affecting health facilities, leaping from 12 last year to 17 so far in 2020, the majority in Hodeidah and Taiz.
“The Stockholm Agreement was the most hopeful development in five years of war and averted a humanitarian catastrophe,” said Mohamed Abdi, Yemen Country Director for the Norwegian Refugee Council. “But the events of the last few weeks are a wake-up call. Despite initially reducing levels of violence, implementation of the agreement has stalled. Hodeidah remains the most dangerous place in Yemen to be a civilian. Violations of the ceasefire are reported on a daily basis. These appalling attacks on civilians are happening in the middle of a global pandemic, when famine is knocking at the door. Warring parties must hold their fire, and immediately return to the negotiating table.”
Violence is escalating in several other hotspots, including some of the largest cities in Yemen. Four times as many civilians were killed and maimed in Marib city this year compared to 2018, displacing thousands of families from their homes and into overcrowded camps with desperately poor living conditions. Civilian deaths have also quadrupled in Al-Jawf governorate since last year, from 23 to 93. Despite a commitment to work towards a de-escalation of fighting in Taiz under the Stockholm Agreement, civilian deaths and injuries have almost tripled between May and November (from 24 to 63) and parties to the conflict have failed to open a promised humanitarian corridor.
In Taiz, Ahmed* says families are living under constant fear of death. “I’m now 60 years old and I’m living through the worst years of my life. A girl was killed at sunset while she was returning home. A driver was shot while driving back from the market. Another day, a sniper started to shoot a car near us, so me and a friend lay on our stomachs in a field while the bullets passed over us. That is only one of many cases. I’m one of thousands living in danger in this village.”
This new escalation is happening at a time when 13.5 million people in Yemen are at risk of starvation, and thousands already live in famine conditions. The conflict is the main engine driving this catastrophic hunger crisis.
*Named changed for protection purposes
- The Stockholm Agreement included a ceasefire for Hodeidah governate including the city of Hodeidah and the ports of Hodeidah, Salif and Ras Issa; a framework for rehabilitating and managing the Hodeidah port complex and a commitment to use revenues from it to pay public salaries in the governorate and throughout Yemen; a prisoner exchange agreement; and a statement of understanding on Taiz.
- NRC has spokespeople available for interview. Contact Riona McCormack, Media Coordinator for Yemen, Whatsapp: +967 736 003 397 | Skype ID: rionajmc | email: email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Photos for free use and distribution are available here, of a family who fled the fighting in Hodeidah governorate in October and the destruction caused to civilian homes by fighting in Taiz.
- Videos for free use and distribution are available here, of a family who fled the fighting in Hodeidah governorate in October and the destruction caused to civilian homes by fighting in Taiz.
- Analysis on civilian casualties and impact on civilian infrastructure was conducted by the Civilian Impact Monitoring Project.