Cameroon conflict produces mounting humanitarian needs

Published 25. Apr 2019|Edited 24. Apr 2019
The Norwegian Refugee Council is alarmed by soaring humanitarian needs in English-speaking regions of Cameroon.

“When brutal fighting displaces hundreds of thousands of civilians, it usually sets international alarm bells ringing. But this does not seem to apply to Cameroon. There is no mediation, no large relief programme, no media interest and little pressure on the parties to stop attacking civilians,” said Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council Jan Egeland, who visited the South-West region of Cameroon this week.

The crisis in the English-speaking parts of Cameroon started with peaceful protests in late 2016, but has escalated to a violent conflict between the government military and non-state armed groups. More than half a million people have fled their homes, according to figures from the UN.

“Hundreds of villages have been burnt, close to a million children are out of school, and tens of thousands are hiding in the bushes without any support. The international silence surrounding atrocities is as shocking as the untold stories are heart-breaking,” said Egeland.  

“A group of displaced and disillusioned women told me that they felt abandoned by the UN and international organisations. They asked me, what is Europe doing? Given that the country was first colonised by the Germans, then divided by Britain and France, they expect their former colonial masters to take some responsibility for the conflicts that the imported language and political barriers had caused.”

Large rural communities have fled their fertile lands and now depend on urban relatives or humanitarian relief. But there is so far only a handful of aid organisations undertaking sizable relief programmes.   

“We need to scale up the humanitarian response, and there is a need for independent reporting from the international media. But most of all, we urgently need stronger international diplomatic engagement to help solve the conflict. This could start with the parties sitting down to agree on how schools can reopen, so that a generation of children will no longer be deprived of education,” Egeland said.

NRC is reaching out to conflict parties to better protect civilians and allow humanitarian organisations full and safe access to people in need.

  • The crisis in North-West and South-West region has displaced more than 530,000 people inside Cameroon, according to the UN.
  • Some 32,000 people have sought refuge in neighbouring Nigeria.
  • In total, 4 million people are affected by the crisis in the North-West and South-West. Some 1.3 million of these people need humanitarian support.
  • In addition to the crisis in the English-speaking parts of Cameroon, Cameroon is also affected by the Boko Haram insurgency in its Far-North region. More than 100,000 refugees from Nigeria have fled to Cameroon for safety, and 245,000 Cameroonians are internally displaced because of ongoing violence in the region.
  • On top of this, Cameroon hosts 277,000 refugees who have fled the conflict in neighbouring Central African Republic.
Note to Editors:

Photos and stories from Egeland’s visit available here:

Footage available here:


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