Zaria (number three from the right) has returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan together with her family, seeing no other opportunities. Now they have settled in Nangarhar, but the children are not able to attend school in Afghanistan yet. Photo: Tiril Skarstein, NRC

I want to be educated and become a doctor.
I hope to be able to go to school again.
Read caption “We are happy that we at least got a tent”, says Zaria. But she has one more wish: “I hope we can get back to school”, she explains. She hopes to become a doctor. Photo: Tiril Skarstein/NRC

Returning home: homeless and unprotected

Tiril Skarstein|Published 28. Oct 2016
“We have nothing here. We are homeless and our skin is burning under the sun”, says Zaria, who has just returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan. After two weeks living in the open, the family has received emergency tents.

More than 150,000 Afghan refugees have returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan in the last four months, creating an emergency of a scale humanitarian actors were not prepared to tackle.

“Refugees that were formally registered in Pakistan have received assistance, but it has been challenging to get the necessary funding to meet the urgent needs of the large number of refugees that were unable to be registered there”, explains Acting Head of Programs for the Norwegian Refugee Council, Will Carter.

With the quick and flexible support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), the Norwegian Refugee Council is now distributing tents to 971 families.  Support from UN OCHA will allow another 842 families to receive transitional shelters.

“It is a race against time to provide the families with a proper place to stay before the wet winter season, when water-borne diseases will spread”, says Carter.

It is a race against time to provide the families with a proper place to stay before the wet winter season, when water-borne diseases will spread
Acting Head of Programs for the Norwegian Refugee Council, Will Carter

Had no choice

“We had a beautiful house. It was safe and we had everything there”, tells Zaria about her life back in Pakistan.

Like most of her siblings, she was born in Pakistan and had never set foot on Afghan soil before October this year. The family fled from Afghanistan to Pakistan about 30 years ago, during the Russian invasion.

“Life in Pakistan was good up until recently, but now it was not safe for us to stay there any longer. We had no other choice, but to return”, explains Zaria’s older brother, Omar (21).

In October, 1700 Afghans were crossing back into Afghanistan from Pakistan every day. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) expects a further 150,000 people to arrive by the end of the year. Most of them are heading towards Nangarhar province. 

Read caption Zaria and Omar’s family is about to pitch their new tents. Finally nobody will need to sleep outside anymore. Photo: Enayatullah Azad/NRC

Pitching tents

Zaria, Omar and about thirty other family members have settled down with an older brother, who has been able to rent a piece of land at the outskirts of Jalalabad. Due to lack of space, most of them have had to sleep in the open. Now they are pitching three new emergency tents in their brother´s yard.

“We have been living under very difficult conditions. The children have become sick, due to the bad living conditions and lack of shelter”, says Omar.

The Norwegian Refugee Council’s team on the ground shares his concerns:

“It is devastating to witness how many returnee families are destitute and in appalling conditions. We see small children who are very ill. With the support from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, we were amongst the first to respond and we have been able to reach some of the most vulnerable families, but many people still do not receive necessary assistance,” says Carter.

“Families are grateful that their children no longer sleep on the ground in the open, but they’re still very anxious about what the future holds,” he adds.

Read caption Omar (21) is adding his finger print to the Norwegian Refugee Council´s list of people who will receive emergency tents. He then receives a receipt, which allows him to pick up a tent outside. The project is funded by Swedish Sida. Photo: Tiril Skarstein/NRC
  • At the beginning of October, on average more than 1700 people returned from Pakistan to Afghanistan every day.
  • More than 150,000 people have returned during the last four months.
  • With the current trend, it is estimated that a further 150,000 people will arrive by the end of the year.
  • Because they lack proper documents on their refugee status in Pakistan, they are eligible to receive very limited support.
  • 70% of the people arriving intend to settle in Nangarhar province.
  • About 2 out of 3 people arriving are children, below 18 years old.
  • USD 152 million has been requested by the UN and its partners in a new flash appeal launched in September, which seeks to support the large number of returnees and internally displaced Afghans.
  • Following the flash appeal, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has contributed 15 million Swedish kroner to the Norwegian Refugee Council’s work to provide shelter, water and sanitation facilities for the families returning, and support the education system to accommodate newly arriving children and youth. 
  • The Common Humanitarian Fund for Afghanistan (administered by UN OCHA) has supported 775,000 USD for transitional shelter solutions. 
  • The Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs is contributing 9 million Norwegian kroner to support camp management type services, shelter, water and sanitation facilities and winterisation.  
  • The European Union (ECHO) has provided support for emergency education programming and other life-saving emergency assistance.


Read caption Emergency Team Leader Rahim Gul Amin (middle) and Acting Head of Programs Will Carter (right) are checking the transitional shelters NRC is setting up for people returning from Pakistan. Photo: Tiril Skarstein/NRC