“The fate of Yemen lies in the hands of those who are meant to reach a peace agreement this weekend,” said Norwegian Refugee Council Secretary General Jan Egeland. “They are directly responsible for the suffering they’ve created, and for putting an end to it. It is only through an inclusive peace agreement that this senseless cycle of violence can be broken. They have failed for the last 500 days, and time is running out before the catastrophe will be irreversible.”
In the last 500 days
- more than 6,500 people have been killed, around half of them civilians.
- 32,000 people have been injured.
- eight out of every 10 Yemenis — or 21 million people — are in need of humanitarian aid.
- almost three million Yemenis fled their homes, and over 2 million remain displaced. Two thirds of internally displaced people have been displaced for 10 months or more.
- over 14 million Yemenis are unable to put enough food on the table, and more than half of them are classified as “severely food insecure”.
- almost 20 million people do not have access to clean water.
- over 14 million Yemenis do not have access to healthcare.
- Saudi-imposed trade blockade has crippled Yemen’s already fragile economy, leading to massive inflation and price hikes
“Despite the staggering figures of ordinary Yemenis suffering because of the raging conflict, the outside world has kept its eyes shut to this crisis,” said NRC’s Country Director in Yemen, Syma Jamil. “The situation for Yemenis keeps deteriorating and it is now untenable. Yemenis won’t be able to cope for much longer.”
Coupled with the violence, an ongoing air and naval trade blockade has destroyed the Yemeni economy, forcing more Yemenis than ever to dependency on humanitarian aid.
Most displaced people are living with other families or relatives, or renting properties. This forces families to use what little savings they may have had before the conflict started – meaning they have less to spend on food, healthcare and education. Almost 350,000 people who have been forced to flee their homes have sought refuge in collective centres; abandoned buildings such as schools and hospitals. Others have been forced to sleep out in the open under little or no cover. With nowhere to go, some families have remained in their homes with bombs falling around them.
Forced to stay in their bombed out home
Amal Mahyoob, a widow and mother of a 13-year-old son from Lahj, is one of the millions forced to stay in their bombed out home. She lives in one of the governorates that are hardest hit by the fighting, but with nowhere to flee, she had to say in the one room left standing and praying they would be spared. Her neighbour, Saddah Abdoh Al Hajj, has returned to her partially destroyed house, having nowhere else to stay. The 55-year-old was hit by shrapnel during air strikes, injuring her leg permanently.
“I live in fear that my home will be hit by air strikes again,” Saddah said.
Despite the desperate conditions, the response to the crisis in Yemen has been woefully low. Of an estimated US$1.8 billion needed for Yemen’s humanitarian response, only a quarter of the appeal has been funded so far, eight months into the year.
Note to editors
- NRC has spokespeople in Yemen available for interviews in English and Arabic.
- Photos and interviews with Amal referred above and others can be found here for free use and distribution.
- NRC in Yemen provides humanitarian assistance to vulnerable people in Abyan, Aden, Amran, Hajjah, Hodeida, Lahj, Taiz and Sana’a.
Hannah Cooper, Yemen Advocacy Advisor, firstname.lastname@example.org
Phone number: +967 7382 12325
Karl Schembri, Middle East Media Advisor, email@example.com
Phone number: +962 7902 20159
NRC in Yemen
Since 2012, NRC has been delivering life-saving assistance to people affected by displacement in Yemen.
NRC adapted to the rapid shift in context from March 2015 to respond to new and ever-emerging needs. By December 2015, we refocused interventions to meet the life-saving needs of 341,000 people across Abyan, Aden, Dhamer, Amran, Hajjah, Hudaydah, Lahj and Sana’a.
We provide those in need with shelter, clean water, food and opportunities for education. Where local markets are safe and functioning, we shift our assistance towards recovery.
NRC works to improve the living conditions of families fleeing the conflict, as well as those returning to destroyed homes. We provide shelters that protect them from the elements and meet their needs for privacy and dignity.
To do this, we:
• Provide emergency temporary shelters and non-food items for displaced populations.
• Improve or upgrade shelters for those residing with host communities.
• Improve or upgrade shelters to create a safe space for those living in public buildings, such as schools or other facilities.
Water, sanitation and hygiene
Currently, 19.4 million people lack adequate access to clean water or sanitation. Working with communities, we ensure that water is stored and managed safely.
To do this, we:
• Transport clean water in trucks to reach populations in need.
• Construct and rehabilitate water tanks and systems to store water at the community level.
• Provide buckets for safely storing water, soap and other hygiene kits.
• Build latrines.
• Promote good hygiene practices.
Where there is food, earning enough to afford it means a whole family must work. Food prices have soared in the past year. NRC responds to emergency food needs, working with communities to allow Yemenis to move back towards self-reliance and dignity.
To do this, we:
• Distribute food.
• Provide cash transfers to families in need.
• Provide start-up capital and training for youth and women entrepreneurs.
• Support trainings on food security and agricultural production.
• Work with coastal communities to help the fishing industry.
By April 2016, 1,600 schools remained closed. A total of 2.2 million children were estimated to be out of school. NRC provides children and youth with access to quality education, as well giving youth the skills to follow a path away from the cycle of violence.
To do this, we:
• Equip youth with necessary vocational skills, life skills, and literacy and numeracy training.
• Empower youth to become productive members of their communities.
• Give training in skills such as carpentry, masonry, electrical installation, and tailoring.
Read more about NRC in Yemen here.