Acronyms and key terms

List of acronyms

AML: Anti-Money Laundering 

CaLP: The Cash Learning Partnership 

CHS: Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability

CTF: Counter Terrorism Financing 

CVA: Cash Voucher Assistance 

DFID: Department for International Development 

DTG: Designated terrorist group

EU: European Union

FATF: Financial Action Task Force

FDFA: Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs 

IASC: Inter-Agency Standing Committee

IHL: International humanitarian law

INGO: International Non-Governmental Organisation

M&E: Monitoring and evaluation

NGO: Non-governmental organisation

NMFA: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

NPA: Norwegian People’s Aid

NPO: Non-profit organisation

NRC: Norwegian Refugee Council

NSAG: Non-state Armed group

OCHA: Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OFAC: Office of Foreign Assets Control

OFSI: Office of Financial Sanctions Implementation

PCM: Project cycle management

PVS: Partner Vetting System

UK: United Kingdom

UN: United Nations 

UNSC: United Nations Security Council

US: United States

USAID: United States Agency for International Development

Key terms and definitions

A single globally accepted definition does not necessarily exist for each of the terms below, and organisations use some of them differently. The definitions given here are for the purpose of this toolkit only.

Access — Humanitarian organisations’ ability to reach affected populations, provide humanitarian assistance andthe ability of affected populations to access assistance.

Anti-diversion policies and practices — Measures to ensure that humanitarian assistance reaches the intended beneficiaries.

Code of conduct — A set of principles adopted by an organisation designed to maintain standards of behaviour.

Counterterrorism measures — International, regional, national and donor instruments and policies related to counterterrorism 

DTG — A group or organisation that has been listed as terrorist by a government pursuant to its national law or by an international body pursuant to international law.

Due diligence — The implementation of an organisational policy and controls designed to assess and track how an organisation’s activities and relationships affect its humanitarian work throughout the project cycle.

Evaluation — A learning process intended to systematically assess the efficiency, effectiveness, relevance, sustainability and impact of an activity, project or programme. Evaluations focus on assessing outcomes rather than outputs.

Fraud — A deception practised to secure unfair or unlawful gain.

Monitoring — The continuous and systematic oversight of the implementation of an activity, which is used to measure the achievement of objectives using allocated funds.

Residual risk – The risk that remains after efforts to manage or mitigate risks.

Risk - The effect of uncertainty on an organisation’s objectives.

Risk management — The coordinated activities to direct and control an organisation with regard to risk. 

Risk transfer – The shifting of risk from one organisation or group onto another. Risk transfer can occur between donors and humanitarian organisations, between international organisations and local implementing partners, and between headquarters and field-based staff.

Sanctions — Restrictions imposed by one or more countries upon another country for political reasons. They may take many forms, including economic and targeted sanctions.

Vetting — The action conducted by an organisation to check whether prospective partners, contractors or staff members appear on designated terrorist lists such as those maintained by donor governments, host governments or bodies such as the UN or EU.