Organisations like NRC have to approach this issue from both a humanitarian and an operational perspective. As an agency with strong legal assistance programming and a long history in the provision of large scale shelter programmes , NRC has been exploring ways to better target people without formal security of tenure in order to ensure that the most vulnerable get the humanitarian assistance they require.
In June 2013 the UK Department for International Development, the Norwegian Refugee Council and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) hosted a roundtable to discuss how to achieve a common understanding of security of tenure among humanitarian shelter providers and donors
As a follow up to the roundtable, NRC and IFRC today publish a new report – Security of tenure in humanitarian shelter operations .The report addresses both conflict and natural disaster settings with a focus on emergency and transitional shelter and unpacks the concept of security of tenure and sets out key issues such as legal pluralism and overlapping land tenure systems; urban contexts and disadvantaged groups including vulnerable women from an operational perspective.
The report introduces the concept of “secure enough” to provide practical guidance on how to address these issues in situations of displacement, or return and resettlement. It also offers some recommendations and sets out proposed follow up actions.
NRC and IFRC are undertaking further work on the “secure enough” approach with an aim to bring about a consensual operational definition of security of tenure which may be applied in responses to humanitarian crises.
Ukraine: Humanitarian Shelter Damage Assessment
While the armed conflict in eastern Ukraine enters its fifth year, and although several ceasefire agreements remain formally in force, a permanent resolution of the conflict remains elusive.
Forced displacement and access to housing, land and property in the Far North of Cameroon
The ongoing armed conflict in the Lake Chad Basin region has caused mass displacement in northeast Nigeria and the Far North of Cameroon forcing people to flee the violence and abandon their homes. This Far North of Cameroon is currently hosting some 89,000 Nigerian refugees, 236,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 59,000 returnees. The situation remains fragile with an estimated total of 2.1 million in need of assistance.
Finding a “middle way” to solve Myanmar’s land disputes
Land disputes are often a political and social minefield. When it comes to land rights, even the smallest disagreement can raise tensions for farmers, families, communities, governments and ethnic armed organisations. Such disagreements can escalate into conflicts and fuel civil wars. It is therefore vital to find practical ways of addressing issues at the earliest possible stage.