Around 5.2 million Palestinians live under protracted occupation, which denies them basic human rights. In 2019, the humanitarian situation sharply deteriorated in Palestine and it is likely to further deteriorate with the impact of Covid-19, the planned Israeli annexation of the West Bank and the increased tensions between Israeli and Palestinian authorities.
Poverty, unemployment and food insecurity have increased in Gaza, where people continue to face movement restrictions and severe limitations on access to essential services. The majority of Gaza's population continues to rely on shrinking international aid.
In Area C of the West Bank and in East Jerusalem, settlement expansion, settler violence, the demolition and confiscation of property, and evictions are intensifying pressure on the most vulnerable Palestinians, including Bedouin refugees who are at risk of being forcibly displaced from their homes.
Around one third of East Jerusalem’s 330,000 Palestinian residents may be isolated from their city, with legal changes proposed to redraw the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem and annex large settlement blocs. This is illegal under international law.
People we helped in Palestine in 2019
We ensure that Palestinians affected by, or threatened with, displacement in Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, have access to assistance.
We provide legal counselling to promote human rights, and work to improve shelter, water and sanitation facilities. We support the provision of quality education, and help communities prepare for, and respond to, emergencies. We support the coping capacities of people severely affected by the economic crisis.
We also advocate for the rights of displaced Palestinians locally and internationally.
We provide internally displaced people and vulnerable communities with access to protection and essential services in Gaza. Our team works to:
- include internally displaced people and vulnerable communities in decision making processes
- increase the emergency preparedness and response capacities of local authorities, humanitarian responders, and communities
- improve coordination between communities and humanitarian organisations
- enhance the effectiveness, transparency and accountability of humanitarian work
- provide multi-purpose cash to vulnerable households affected by the economic crisis
Many children in Palestine have seen or experienced traumatic events and subsequently suffer from nightmares, which affect their ability to learn and thrive. We work to ensure that Palestinian children have access to quality education and psycho-educational support by:
- training teachers on effective classroom management and strategies
- training counsellors to support students suffering from nightmares
- assisting teachers and school staff in developing child-centred teaching and learning approaches
- supporting parents and school communities in establishing parent associations
- in collaboration with our ICLA team, providing information to students, parents and teachers about their rights and referral mechanisms for further support
- providing emergency resources for vulnerable schools to enhance teaching and learning, as well as protect against attacks on education
Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)
We work to protect people and communities who have been, or are at risk of being, forced to leave their homes. We provide legal information, training, counselling and assistance for those affected by discriminatory policies and practices. We:
- work closely with national and international stakeholders to influence positive policy change
- provide legal services that protect people from demolition, eviction and confiscation orders, revocation of residency rights, access restrictions, and settler violence in the West Bank
- provide Palestinians in Gaza with information about housing, land and property rights to promote tenure security
- work with Israeli and Palestinian NGOs and private lawyers to provide effective counselling and legal assistance
Shelter and settlements
We provide access to adequate shelter for the most vulnerable people in Gaza. Our teams:
- provide shelter for households living in war-damaged and substandard homes
- provide support and technical assistance to people whose homes have been damaged through conflict to ensure that families have adequate shelter
- distribute essential household materials, including mattresses and blankets
- support families affected by the economic crisis with rental assistance to prevent eviction
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) promotion
We help vulnerable communities access safe, sufficient, and affordable hygiene and water facilities in Gaza. Our teams:
- provide safe drinking water and sanitation facilities, including bathrooms, toilets, sinks and water network supplies to vulnerable households
- improve peoples’ access to public services and mitigate against winter flooding through community infrastructure projects
- respond to flood emergencies
- distribute hygiene items to vulnerable households, and provide training to improve social and environmental health
Policy, protection and research
We provide protection and policy analysis to a range of actors in Palestine, promoting principled humanitarian assistance in accordance with international law. We engage closely with international decision-makers and advocate for the protection of displaced and vulnerable people’s human rights.
Cluster and other coordination support
We play an important role in humanitarian coordination in Palestine by leading the Shelter Cluster, hosting the Association for International Development Agencies (AIDA) leading the Legal Task Force and managing the West Bank Protection Consortium, as well as the Gaza Protection Consortium.
- Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
- Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
- Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)
- Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
- United Nations Office for Public Services (UNOPS)
- United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
- Government of Spain
About NRC in Palestine
Country DirectorCaroline Ort
Phone+972 548621239 (media enquiries)
10 attacks on Palestinian education per month by Israeli authorities and settlers
PRESS RELEASE: Israeli forces, private security guards, and settlers launched an average of 10 attacks per month on West Bank kindergarten and school students, staff and facilities between January 2018 and June 2020, a new report by the Norwegian Refugee Council reveals today.
Israel to demolish European-funded school in central West Bank
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is deeply concerned by the Israeli military’s planned demolition of a European-funded Palestinian primary school in Ras At-Tin herding community in the central West Bank.