Mazen Naim, NRC's advocacy and communications officer in Gaza, on the roof of his house in Beit Hanoun
Photo: Karl Schembri/NRC
Read caption NRC has been active in Palestine since 2009, and is working across Gaza and the West Bank. Here from Beit Hanoun in Gaza. Photo: NRC/Karl Schembri

NRC in Palestine

Providing humanitarian assistance and promoting respect for international law in one of the longest-running displacement crises in modern history.


Total # of refugees from the country:
Total # of refugees to the country:
Total # of internally displaced:
New refugees from the country in 2016:
New refugees to the country in 2016:
New internally displaced in 2016:
Source: UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) and Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC). Figures are from the beginning of 2017.

In 2016 NRC reached


individuals, with education, shelter and legal assistance (ICLA)

Humanitarian and political background

Large-scale displacement took place during the wars of 1948 and 1967, when Israel occupied the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.  Many of those displaced have never been able to return. There are currently over 5 million Palestinian refugees spread across Palestine, as well as in Jordan, Lebanon and Syria.

Internal displacement within Palestine remains a concern. Communities come under increasing risk of forcible transfer and other International Humanitarian Law violations , stemming from Israeli policies and practices.

NRC has been active in Palestine since 2009.


A damaging status quo

For nearly a decade, Gaza has faced a continuous siege. These restrictions have prevented almost any import or export of materials, leading to economic collapse and crippling their development. Unemployment in Gaza is among the highest in the world, with youth unemployment reaching a staggering 63 per cent in 2014.

The siege of Gaza has been characterised by repeated open hostilities with Israel, with over 2,000 Palestinians killed in the last conflict – including over 500 children. Nearly 18,000 homes were destroyed and reconstruction efforts have been severely hampered by the inability to bring building materials through the siege imposed by Israel.

 Is this what our lives have come to? I feel no hope for the future or reconstruction. We will spend the rest of our lives in this shack, in suffering and despair.

Um Mohammed, displaced Palestinian in central Gaza.

While humanitarian assistance is essential to meeting the basic needs of Palestinians in Gaza, it is also imperative that the world takes action to end the Israeli blockade and closure of the Gaza Strip.


A blocked path to schooling

Children are among the worst affected by the conflict.

In Gaza, the Ministry of Education and the UN Relief and Aid Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Middle East (UNWRA) have seen hundreds of their schools damaged during the last war. The lack of building materials has obstructed rebuilding.

 A seven-year-old child in Gaza has already witnessed three wars in their lifetime. This is unacceptable.

Jan Egeland, NRC’s Secretary General


Schools in the West Bank – including East Jerusalem – are under attack. Soldiers and settlers repeatedly harass children going to school. This systematically hinders children's ability to access primary education, and adds to their high levels of emotional trauma. This means an entire generation of Palestinians may lose out on the opportunities offered by a quality education.


Forced Displacement

In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, forcible transfers of Palestinians continue. The aim is to push Palestinian out of strategic areas that Israel has slated for settlement establishment and expansion.

Across Palestine, forcible transfers manifest through a discriminatory permit needed for construction, forced and capricious evictions, wanton destruction of civilian property, obstruction of humanitarian assistance, land expropriation, construction of the Wall, movement and access restrictions, settler violence and military operations.

People we helped in Palestine in 2016

people benefited from our education programme
people benefited from our shelter programme
people benefited from our camp management programme
people benefited from our ICLA programme

NRC in Palestine

Through our programme in Palestine, we protect and assist those affected by or threatened with displacement.

NRC Palestine has offices in Jerusalem, Ramallah, Hebron and Gaza.

We provide legal counselling to promote access to human rights, shelter, water and sanitation, and quality education.

Nationally and globally, we advocate for the rights of displaced Palestinians.

We work across Gaza and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, to reach Palestinians who are displaced or who face imminent threats of displacement.


In government and UNRWA schools, our education teams work to bring quality education in the classroom, decrease dropout rates and promote inclusive teaching approaches.

They also run our school-based psychosocial intervention, the Better Learning Programme, which helps Palestinian children suffering from severe trauma  recover their desire to learn. Children who participated in the programme have had their nightmares reduced by 90 per cent, and discover a renewed interest in learning.

Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)

Our ICLA experts address housing, land and property (HLP) rights for Palestinians, as well as residency rights. We challenge discriminatory policies and protect Palestinians from unlawful land exportation, wanton destruction of property and forcible transfers.

 Our ICLA programmes:

  • Offer legal counselling and advice. In the West Bank, these address demolition or eviction orders, land confiscation, settler violence, residency, and access restrictions. In Gaza, we provide legal assistance on HLP rights and civil documentation assistance for reconstruction efforts.
  • Fund local NGO partners to provide direct legal aid and work with private lawyers to support public interest litigation.
  • Prioritise women’s housing, land and property rights.


NRC is the Shelter Cluster lead for Palestine.

In addition, our shelter teams:

  • Repair moderately and severely damaged housing.
  • Provide self-help cash support to rehabilitate shelters.

Urban displacement outside of camps

We work with municipalities and local actors in Gaza to strengthen community participation and ensure locally-driven responses to the needs of the displaced population.

We are also establishing local monitoring and response mechanisms in the West Bank to address past and ongoing displacement.

Policy, protection and research

NRC provides protection and policy advice to a range of key actors in Palestine, promoting humanitarian assistance in line with international law. NRC interacts closely with decision makers in international arenas, undertaking evidence-based humanitarian advocacy to protect the human rights of displaced and vulnerable persons.

Cluster and other coordination support

Besides leading the Shelter Cluster, NRC also hosts other important coordination mechanisms in Palestine, including AIDA and the West Bank Protection Consortium.

About nrc in Palestine

Budget 2017
128 million NOK
International staff
Field offices
Ramallah, Hebron, Gaza and Jerusalem.
Budget 2016
127 million NOK
National staff


Country Director

Kate O'Rourke