Fatoumata, 67 and her family moved several times to escape from armed attacks. Originally from Sigue-Raguin, she fled the first time to seek safety in Foubé. But the executions and threats continued and they had to flee from Foubé to Kaya.

"The armed men have chased us away from our homes and killed our loved ones. That’s why we fled and came here. We don’t have any food, we don’t have a roof over our head, we have nothing at all. We are asking for assistance." She said.

"We left yesterday and arrived here today. We haven’t eaten anything since the sun rose. 

Just the day before yesterday, 6 people were caught and killed while they were on the road. After this, the attackers went to… I don’t remember where, but so many people have been killed. 

We were all filled with fear so we immediately took to the road and by the grace of God we were able to escape. Our wish is to settle down in peace and receive some food or any other assistance. What we need the most is some assistance and a place where we can stay. All we are praying for now is to receive some assistance." Fatoumata added.

Date: 21 January 2020
Location: Kaya - Center North Burkina Faso
Photo: Tom Peyre-Costa/NRC
Read caption "The armed men have chased us away from our homes and killed our loved ones. That’s why we fled and came here. We don’t have any food, we don’t have a roof over our head." says Fatoumata, 67. She and her family have moved several times to escape armed attacks. Photo: Tom Peyre-Costa/NRC

NRC in Burkina Faso and Niger

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) set up operations in Burkina Faso and Niger in 2019 to serve those affected by the crisis sweeping through the two countries.

 

Facts

A total of

131,174

people in need received our assistance in 2020.

 

Humanitarian overview

Burkina Faso has experienced an unprecedented rise in violence and skyrocketing humanitarian needs since 2019 as authorities struggle to contain the incursions and attacks of non-state armed groups. As of January 2022, the country counts around 1.6 million internally displaced people (IDPs), a staggering 18-fold increase over the past three years. Mounting security challenges and social tensions have created massive discontent among the population, leading to a military takeover in January 2022. Displacement figures are expected to continue to increase throughout the year.

Also in the Sahel is Niger, one of the poorest countries in the world. A rise in cross-border attacks of non-state armed groups targeting armed forces and community leaders has led to a deterioration of the security situation and displacement. In addition to the 260,000 IDPs, conflict in neighbouring countries has also driven a quarter of a million refugees to seek safety in Niger as of November 2021. These aspects have combined to cause significant humanitarian needs that the state has difficulty to address.

People we helped in Burkina Faso and Niger in 2021

23,834
people benefited from our education programme
27,838
people benefited from our food security programme
84,815
people benefited from our shelter programme
57,166
people benefited from our camp management programme
12,268
people benefited from our ICLA programme
100,175
people benefited from our WASH programme

NRC's operation

In March 2019, NRC opened a country office in Niger to respond to the humanitarian crisis. Due to the emergency needs across the border in Burkina Faso, NRC began operations there in July 2019 focusing our response in the Centre North region and later in other provinces. In 2021, NRC expanded its operations in Sahel and Nord Region (Burkina Faso) and strengthened its responses in Tillabery and Maradi (Niger). Both countries are combined under one management to keep costs down and to facilitate synergies.

 

NRC Livelihoods and food securityLivelihoods and food security


Our livelihoods team are:

  • supporting targeted households with income generating activities and reducing negative coping mechanisms
  • supporting people living in displacement with negotiating access to land and distributing seeds and agricultural tools
  • improving access to food and non-food items for the most vulnerable IDPs using the standard food ration value per household, through distribution of multi-purpose cash and food
  • distributing small animals for livestock recovery
  • distributing agricultural input and tools enabling households and communities to start rebuilding their lives

 

NRC Shelter and settlementsShelter and settlements


Our shelter teams are:

  • providing essential household items including kitchen sets, bedding, clothes, and mosquito nets
  • providing complete shelter solutions either through temporary or transitional models
  • conducting site-coordination activities, especially site planning, to enable the installation of shelters and minimum basic services, delivered by NRC or in coordination with other actors
  • advocating on issues related to the establishment of new sites
  • constructing durable houses to contribute to the local resettlement of IDPs
  • contributing positively to the shelter cluster on global and local issues

 

NRC Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)


Our WASH teams:

  • promote appropriate sanitation and hygiene in schools and communities, and rehabilitate WASH infrastructures
  • drill and install of solar powered water systems in IDP sites and host communities
  • construct school latrines, family latrines and emergency latrines in IDP sites
  • sensitise communities on hygiene practices and the prevention of communicable diseases
  • distribute Covid-19 kits to communities and set in place handwashing facilities

 

NRC EducationEducation


Focusing on education in emergencies, we are:

  • supporting the formal system to increase hosting capacity for IDP children
  • providing adapted learning conditions to ensure the retention of students in schools
  • conducting awareness raising campaigns within the schools to promote inclusive education, enhance social cohesion and peaceful cohabitation between displaced and host community children
  • distributing education kits to improve the learning conditions of students
  • constructing semi-permanent school blocks and repairing existing classrooms
  • working to improve access to education in areas where schools are forcibly closed by armed groups, while protecting children from harm and promoting safe and inclusive learning environments
  • providing vocational trainings for marginalised youth while promoting apprenticeships, mentoring and career guidance
  • initiating the Better Learning Programme in targeted schools to support out-of-school children who have experienced traumatic experiences

NRC Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)Information, counselling and legal assistance (ICLA)


We are assisting affected communities to:

  • access information on legal civil documentation processes
  • obtain the civil and identity documentation necessary to access rights and services
  • understand and protect their housing, land and property right
  • organise capacity-building sessions for local authorities and civil documentation officials on issues pertaining to land and civil documentation

NRC also leads the housing, land and property rights working group to build capacity and advocate with authorities, humanitarian actors and other stakeholders.

 

NRC Camp managementCamp management


Our camp management teams are:

  • providing protection to IDPs living at temporary sites
  • working with other organisations to open up appropriate sites for IDPs and host communities
  • conducting appropriate site assessments to identify protection needs for IDPs and local communities

 

About nrc in Burkina Faso

Established
2019
Budget 2021
USD 12 million
International staff
11
Areas of operation
Ouagadougou (country office), Kaya, Maradi, Tillaberi
National staff
131

Contact

Country Director

Hassane Hamadou

Phone

+226 65524302 / +227 964 90 330
NRC Burkina Faso and Niger are grateful for the generous support from our donors:
  • Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (NMFA)
  • Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida)
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)
  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • Education Cannot Wait
  • German Federal Foregin Office (GFFO)
  • Centre for Disaster Philanthropy (CDP)
  • United States Bureau for Humanitarian Assistance (BHA)
  • Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (BPRM)
  • United Nations Development Programme Pooled Fund